directions for making syrups, &c. 417
I. TheGreeksmade their plaisters of divers simples,
and put metals into most of them, if not all; for hav¬
ing reduced their metals into powder, they mixed
them with that fatty substance whereof the rest ofthe
plaister consisted whilst it was yet hot, continually
stirring it up and down lest it should sink to the bot-
tom ; so they continually stirred it till it was stiff;
then they made it up into rolls, which when they need¬
ed for use, they could melt it by the fire again.
2. The Arabians made up theirs with oil and fat,
which needeth not so long boiling.
3. The Greeks' emplaisters consisted of these in¬
gredients, metals, stones, divers sorts of earth, faeces,
juices, liquors, seeds, roots, excremeuts of creatures,
wax, rosin, and gums.
Poultices are those kind of things wliich the Latins
call cataplasmata, and our learned fellows, that if
they can read English, that's all, call them cataplasms,
because 'tis a crabbed word few understand; it is
indeed a very fine kind of medicine to ripen sores.
2. They are made of herbs and roots fitted for the
disease aforesaid, being chopped small and boiled in
water to a jelly; then adding a little barley meal, or
meal of lupins, and a little oil or rough sweet suet,
which I hold to be better, spread upon a cloth and ap¬
plied to the grieved place.
3. Their use is to ease pains, to break sores, to cool
inflammations, to dissolve hardness, to ease the spleen,
to concoct humours, and dissipate swellings.
4. I beseech you take this caution along with you :
Use no poultices, if you can help it, that are of an