directions foe making syrups, &c. 40.0
1. All the difference between decoctions, and syrups
made by decoction, is this; syrups are made to keep
decoctions only for present use ; for you can hardly
keep a decoction a week at any time; if the weather
be hot, you cannot keep it half so long.
2. Decoctions are made of leaves, roots, flowers
seeds, fruit, or barks, conducing to the cure of the dis¬
ease you make them for, and are made in the same
manner as we shewed you in syrups.
3. Decoctions made with wine last longer than such
as are made with water; and if you take your de¬
coction to cleanse the passage of the urine or open ob¬
structions, your best way is to make it with white
wine instead of water, because this is penetrating.
4. Decoctions are of most use in such diseases as
lie in the passage ofthe body, as the stomach, bowels,
kidnies, passages of urine and bladder, because decoc¬
tions pass quicker to those places than any other form
5. If you will sweeten your decoction with sugar,
or any syrup fitfor the occasion you take it for, wliich
is better, you may, and no harm.
6. If in a decoction you boil both roots, herbs, flow¬
ers and seed together, let the roots boil a good while
first, because they retain their virtues longest; then
the next in order by the same rule, viz. 1. the barks,
2. the herbs. 3. the seeds. 4. the flowers. 5. the
spices, if you put any in, because then the virtues come
7. Such things as by boiling cause sliminess to a
decoction, as figs, quince-seed, linseed, &c. your best
way is, after you have bruised them, to tie them up
in a linen rag, as you tie up calf's brains, and so boil
8. Keep all decoctions in a glass close stopped, and