402 DIRECTIONS FOR MAKING SYRUP?, &C.
they are fuller of spirit, and therefore not so subjec
6. As for the time of their duration, it Is palpable
they will keep a good many years ; yet they are best
the first year, and this I make appear by a good ar-
L'ument. They will grow soonest the first year they
be set, therefore then they are in their prime; and it
is an easy matter to renew them yearly.
1. Of roots choose neither such as arp rotten oi
worm-eaten, but proper in their taste, colour, and
smell, such as exceed neither in softness nor hardness.
Give me leave to be a little critical against the vul¬
gar received opinion, wliich is, that the sap falls down
into the root in the autumn, and rises in the spring,
us men go to bed at night and rise in the morning ;
and this idle talk of untruth is so grounded in the
heads, not only of the vulgar but also of the learned,
that a man cannot drive it out by reason. I pray, let
such sap-mongers answer me this argument: If the
sap fulls into the roots in the fall of the leaf, and lies
there all the winter, then must the root grow only in
the winter. But the root grows not at all in winter,
us experience teacheth, but only in summer; there¬
fore if you set an apple kernel in the spring,youshall
find the root grow to a pretty bigness in the summer,
and be not a whtt bigger next spring. What doth the
sap do in the root all that while? Prick straws?
'Tis as rotten as a post.
The truth is, when the sun declines from the tropic
of Cancer, the sap begins to congeal both in root and
branch: when he touches the tropic of Capricorn,
and ascends to us-ward, it begins to wax thin again,
and by degrees, as it congealed. But to proceed.
3. The drier timeyou gather the roots in, the better
they are, for they have the lest e.xTeinentitous mois¬
ture in them.