406 Route 46. KORONE.
called Sapienza and Cabrera or Schiza. These islands and the ad¬
joining coasts are visited by dangerous storms in spring and autumn.
On the mainland rises the hill of Hagios Demetrios (1695 ft.).
Leaving the island of Venetiko or TheganoUsa on the right, the
steamer now rounds Kavo Gallo (36° 42' 54"), the southernmost
cape of Messene, anciently called Akritas, and enters the Bay of
Messenia, the modern Gulf of Korone.
The town of Korone (2960 inhab.; 3-4 hrs'. sail from Pylos;
Xenodochion; local steamers, see p. 413) is situated on a fortress¬
like promontory, under the shadow of a Venetian castle. The older
fortifications are still partly extant. This was the site of the second
Asine (comp. p. 330), which was afterwards founded anew by the
inhabitants of Korone (see below). The town was the object and
scene of many battles in the mediaeval and modern wars in which
Franks, Venetians, Spaniards, and Turks took part. — Farther on,
to the left, rises the Lykodimo (p. 412).
We next skirt a fertile plain, the chief product of which is figs.
We touch at Petalidi (1020 inhab.), where a colony of Mainotes
(p. 357) have recently settled under the auspices of the Greek
government. This was the site of the town of Korone, which was
founded by Epimelides in the time of Epaminondas. The steamer
touches at the harbour of Nesion ox Nisi (p. 412; l'^hr. from Korone),
before reaching (1 hr. from Nisi) Neae-Kalamae, the port of Kala¬
mata (see below).
47. Kalamata and Southern Messenia.
Arrival by Sea. The steamers, which ply E. and W. three or four
times weekly (RR. 35, 46), anchor off the harbour; landing or embarking,
I-1V2 dr. with luggage. Local steamers to Pylos, see p. 413. Cab to the
town, 2 dr.; the railway-line from the harbour is used for goods traffic
only. — Railway Station (clean restaurant), to the N.W. of the town.
Hotels (p. xii; bargain beforehand). Xenodochion Panhellenion, bed
l1/^1^ dr., tariff posted up, baths; Hotel Grande Bretagne (Megale Brel-
tania), in the street leading from the station to the town; Angleterre
(Anglia), in a side-street near the last, bed 2 dr.; none of these has a
restaurant. — Restaurants. Neos ^Eon, on the Nedon, Stadion, in the square
beside the bridge, both clean.
Open-Air Theatre. Eden, with garden restaurant, to the right, outside
Kalamata, officially named Kaldmae after the ancient town
referred to at p. 384, the capital of the nomos of Messenia and
the seat of an archbishop, lies 1 M. from the sea, on the left bank
of the Nedon (p. 375), the broad channel of which generally contains
but a scanty stream of water. The population (21,490) is industrial,
and the town is surrounded by thick groves of oranges and olives.
The ancient Pherae or Pharae, mentioned by Homer in this neigh¬
bourhood, was a town of no importance. In 1205 Geoffroy I. de
Villehardouin (p. 283) established himself here and built the strong
castle, which afterwards passed successively into the possession of