to Kyparissia. KALONERO. 45. Route. 403
in a spacious cave at its foot, where warm sulphurous springs issue
from various fissures. The cave and springs were both known and
used in antiquity, but at that time the lake was not in existence.
The railway skirts the E. bank of the Lake of Kaiapha. 18 M.
Kaidpha, see p. 402. The plain, on which large quantities of cur¬
rants and grain are raised, extends from the S. end of the lake to
the mouth of the Neda, a distance of about 6 M. This is the Pylian
Plain of antiquity, the modern Xerokampos. — 21 ife M. Zachdro.
The village, where the route to Lepreon mentioned on pp. 401-399
starts, lies on the hills to the left. Piskini is a little farther to the E.
— 23 M. Kakdvato.
Following the example of Strabo (p. 4C0) modern authorities seek to
locate the Homeric Pylos, the residence of Nestor, son of Keleus (comp.
p. 413), in this region of N. Triphylia. V. Be'rard suggests Samikon (p. 402)
as the spot. Excavations made in 1907 by Prof. Dbrpfeld near Kakdvato
exhumed three Myceneean beehive tombs (one 40 ft. in diameter) and, on
a neighbouring height, the remains of a Mycenaean palace.
26i/2 M. Thold, at the mouth of the Thold. On the left bank of
this stream, farther up, lies the village of Hagios Elias, with remains
of the walls of the ancient Pyrgoi. Higher up is Strovitzi (p. 399). —
30 M. Bouzi (Khan of Bouzi), at the month of the Neda (p. 396).
A route leads from the Khan of Bouzi in about 5 hrs. to Pavlitza-
Phigalia (p. 395) via, Prasidaki, and then by mountain-paths to the N. of
the ravine of the Neda (p. 396), which is inaccessible beyond this point.
31!/2 M. Ayandki, or Khan of Hagios lodnnes (tolerable night-
quarters). Beside the khan are a vaulted well-house and a chapel,
belonging to the village of Agalyani, which lies on the height to the
E. This district appears to have borne the name of Anion in anti¬
quity and included a temple of ^Esculapius, which perhaps stood
near this spring, although no ruins are visible.
The Koutra Mountains (p. 399) rise close to the sea. On the
precipitous brush-clad cone of Vounaki perhaps lay Olouris or Oloura,
mentioned by Strabo. The village of Kalonerd, on the adjoining
slopes, is served by the next station —
36V2 M. Kalonero, which lies near the mouth of the Kyparissia
River. The branch-line foT Kyparissia diverges here (see p. 404). The
main line ascends the valley of the Kyparissia to theE., parallel with
the bridle-path to Messene. — 37l/2 M. Siderdkastro. The village
(p. 401) lies IV2 hr. to the N.E., on the slopes of the Koutra
Mountains. — At (43>/2 M.) Kopandki the railway crosses the
watershed (690 ft.) between the W. coast and the plain of Messenia.
— 45V2 M. Aetos. The village is situated to the right, on the slope
of the Konto-Vounia (p. 412), behind which rises the dark forest-
clad summit of the Sessa (3730 ft.). — The train crosses the brook
of Mavrozoumenos (p. 412) and descends via (48'/2 M.) Vasilikd and
(51 M.) Bouga to (53 M.) Zevgalati6 (p. 384), where we join the
Peloponnesian Railway. Thence to Kalamata, life hr. by railway.