to Olympia. ANDRITSSENA. 42. Route. 391
was the Altar of Zeus. On the surface are found fossilized bones and
fragments of pottery. At the base of the altar we may trace the boundary
of the precinct of Zeus, which was so sacred from mortals that whoever
entered it lost his shadow and died within a year. The bases of the
two pillars that in antiquity supported gilded eagles have been discovered
about 30 ft. to the E. Human sacrifice was practised here, as at Ithome
(p. 409), until a very late period. The *View is remarkably extensive,
owing to the isolated position of the mountain; we overlook the whole
plain of Megalopolis as far as the Hellenitza and Taygetos; a part of
Messenia and the Tetrasi Jits.; on tho W. the Elean plain, and the sea
as far as Zakynthos; on the N. the Erymanthos.
From Mt. Elias we descend towards the W.rT.W. In 25 min. we pass
the mediaeval tower of Pyrgos Karyotikds, which defended the pass be¬
tween Mt. Elias and the Stephani, or second summit of the group, with
the peak of Kondini (5070 ft), where there was a temple of the Parrhasian
Apollo. The name of the pass (Diaphorii) has been arbitrarily extended
to the entire group. We then follow the slope of the Stephani, passing
above the village of Paldtou, which we see below us. In 35 min. we pass
a cool spring. We now descend over hills and through gorges, by a path
sometimes easy and sometimes steep, to the River of Andritsaena, and
(li/2 hr. from St. Elias) to the little town itself.
Andritssena (2510 ft.; accommodation at the house of Kostas
Grivas, bed 2 dr., and at the house of Leontaretes, bed IY2 dr.,
both clean; bargain advisable), with 2140 inhab., is situated on
the slope of a hollow with numerous trees and vineyards between the
Lykaeon and the Palaedkastro (p. 390), and is one of the pleasantest
little mountain-towns of Greece. The clean houses are grouped on
each side of a considerable mountain-stream. The chief part of the
town is built against a circular hill, on the flat top of which are a
dismantled Chapel of St. Elias and a few Tuined houses. Fine view
of the green mountains of the Alpheios valley, extending on the N.
to Erymanthos (p. 288). Excavations carried on here in 1902 by
the Archaeological Society (p. 14) unearthed a small Temple of Pan,
with well-preserved columns. — The excursion hence to the temple
of Bassae takes 5 hrs. on foot, there and back; a guide is essential
('stous stylous', 2-3 dr.); see p. 392. About 9 hrs. are required
for the ride to Diavolitzi via the temple.
The distance between Andritsaena and Olympia (10 hrs.) is so
great and the path is so bad, that a very early start must be made
by those who do not wish to spend more than one day on the jour¬
ney (comp. p. 388). We cross the brook of Andritsaena and ride
along the slopes; beyond a spring we begin to descend. To the
right we see the village of Machald, and to the left, just under
the summit of the Palaedkastro Mts. (4415 ft.), is the village of
Phandri. Two torrents flow past Phanari to the Alpheios: to the E.
the Rongozitiko Potdmi, and to the W. the Zelechovitiko Potami.
Between them, near the village of Rongozid, 3 M. to the N. of
Phanari, lies the old ruined town of Aliphera, now called after a
spring the 'Palaeokastro of Nerovitza*. Not far off is the little con¬
vent of Sopetd.
A route runs to the N.W. from Phanari, via, the poor village of
Zdcha, to the (U/4 hr.) bank of the Alpheios, which has now been swollen
by the Ladon and the Erymanthos (p. 288) into a stream of considerable