388 Route 41. ASPRA SPITIA.
the ancient Erymanthos, once the boundary between Arcadia and
Elis. A little to the right lie the two villages oiBelesi. The Tzem-
beroiila (the ancient Diagon) falls into the Alpheios opposite the
mouth of the Erymanthos. Passing a tumulus, opened in 1845
with no result, we ascend to the village of Aspra Spitia (805 ft.;
i'^ihr. from Piri), where we may pass the night (comp. p. 392).
We now ascend through a thickly wooded gorge, and at its upper
end, where there is a frequented spring, begin again to descend.
As we proceed we enjoy a series of magnificent *Views of the valley
of the Alpheios, enclosed by wooded hills extending to the Lykaeon
(p. 390). In another hour the path descends to the river, beside
which it remains almost to the end of the journey. On the slopes
on the opposite bank lie the villages of Tdgia, Anemochdri, and
Palaeo- Phanaro. The last is situated near the ruins of the an¬
cient Phrixa, on a singular projecting mountain-cone. Comp. the
Map, p. 289. — We now descend the right bank of the stream,
passing (1 hr.) the mill and khan of Mourid ('mulberry-tree'),
beside a copious spring. Beyond the hamlet of Saraki, to the left
of the route, is the so-called 'Suitors' Hill'. Our course now leads
below the hill on which stood the early-destroyed town of Pisa
(p. 309), in the direction of the conical Kronos Hill (p. 293).
Olympia (33/4 hrs. from Aspra Spitia), see R. 26.
42. From Megalopolis to Olympia via Karytaena
2 days; or, including the excursion from Andritssena to the temple of
Bassae, 3 days. Carriage-road to Andriisaena, where the night is spent;
there is, however, only one carriage at Megalopolis, for which very high
prices are demanded (two-wheeled sousta, p. xvii, to Karytaena, 8 dr.) —
Travellers who arrive too late at Krestena (p. 392) on the last day to cross
the ferry over the Alpheios by daylight may find night-quarters there.
Megalopolis, see p. 381. — The bridle-path to Karytaena (3 hrs.)
is preferable to the carriage-road (12 M.). The path leads through
corn-fields past the theatre (p. 382) to (3/4 hr.) the village of Kasimi,
and in 12 min. more fords the Helisson (p. 385), here containing a
good deal of water. About '/2 M. farther is the large village of
Vromosella, among mulberry trees, perhaps on the site of the an¬
cient Thoknia. The Alpheios, which flows past close by, receiving
the Plataniston (p. 396), changes its local name in this district; in
the upper plain it is called the Xerillas (p. 380), in the lower, the
River of Karytaena. It repeatedly divides into several arms, so that
the depth is seldom above 1-2 ft. We cross the river and then
a small brook, and turn in the direction of the long Panagia Mountain,-
a spur of the Lykaeon (p. 390), passing between the village of
Kyparissia (on the left, perhaps occupying the site of the ancient
Basilis) and f hill bearing a chapel of Hagia Kyriake. We notice