to Olympia. HERjEA. 41. Route. 387
• In the principal square, opposite each other, are the church of
Hagia Kyriake" and the handsome new Public School (£XXt)vix&>j
oj£oA.etON). The latter, in front of which stands a Marble Lion, of
good archaic workmanship, found in the town, contains a small Col¬
lection of Antiquities, which is obligingly shown to visitors.
The most important objects were found at Sparta. Among the most
notable are two Sepulchral Anathemes, each with a relief of a seated figure
with a kantharos, the one inscribed 'Timokles' and the other 'Aristokles\
The former is archaic (the inscription more recent), and the latter dates
from the Roman period. Two Heads of Hercules, one with a beard the
other without. Hecate, with triple body, from Messene. Large fragment
of an Atlas from the neighbourhood of Dimitzana. A number of bronze
nail-heads were found in 1881 at Karkalou (p. 386), lying in regular lines
in front of the steps of a building; these were probably from a wooden
door that had fallen down and mouldered away. The cases contain small
terracotta figures and vessels, and coins from various places. There are
also a number of inscriptions (including an archaic one from Sparta)
and some Fossils.
The square commands a fine view of the mountain-terrace to
the S., with the houses of Palaeochori ('Old Village'), a chapel, and
some powder-mills, which played a part of considerable importance
in the War of Independence. Beyond the vine-clad hills which line
both sides of the river rise the Acropolis of Karytaena (p. 389) and
the snow-covered mountains of Laconia.
The next stage of our journey consists of a fatiguing mountain-
track , which should not be attempted without an efficient agogiat.
We ascend and descend in continual alternation. IV2 hr. Vldngos.
Thence we descend by a steep path via (1 hr.) Tourko-Raphti
and (l3/t hr.) Kephalovrysi to the valley of the Alpheios (now called
the 'river of Karytaena', comp. p. 388). Here, side by side, lie the
villages of (1 hr.; ca. 6V4 hrs. from Dimitzana) Anemodouri and
Hagios lodnnes (to the N.). In the adjoining fields are the scattered
and insignificant ruins of the ancient town of Heraea, which orig¬
inated in the 4th cent. B.C. in the union of nine neighbouring
communities near an ancient sanctuary of Hera, and lasted until
the time of the Roman empire.
We now skirt the N. side of the eminence on which the town
lay, pass a khan, a spring, and the hamlet of Piri, and reach (% hr.)
the banks of the Rouphid (the ancient Ladon), which is fed through
katavothrae from the Lake of Pheneos (p. 353). This is the chief
tributary of the Alpheios and must now be regarded as the main
stream, for the name Rouphia, is retained for the united river below
the confluence (comp. p. 388). The passage of the stream is made by
ferry-boat and often takes a whole hour ; 1 dr. is the fare demanded
for ahorse and man, which may be reduced by bargaining. The-
river may sometimes be forded on horseback in late summer.
On the right bank, about V4 hr. from the ferry, lies the Khan of
Piri. We now traverse a barren hill-district, in which lay the tomb
of Koroebos, from whose victory at Olympia in B. C. 776 the Olym¬
piads were reckoned (p. 290). We next ford the ftttle Douana,