386 Routt 4 I. DIMITZANA. From Tripolis
aie the ruins mentioned on p. 385. Beyond the lateral valley of
Arachova, on the right, lies David, with a 'palaeokastro' exhibiting
the remains of ancient fortifications, altered in mediaeval times;
this is perhaps the site of Maenalos. Farther on the road traverses
the N. part of the plain to Pidna (3610 ft.), situated high up on
the mountain, with a mediaeval castle and traces of the ancient
Dipaea, where the Spartans defeated the Arcadians in B. C. 469.
Ascending to the N. we next reach the busy little village of
Alonistaena (3690 ft.; route to Kapsia and Mantinea, see p. 352;
to Methydrion, see below, 1 hr.) and then we descend beyond the
saddle (4315 ft.) to Vylina (3280 ft.), a hamlet whence a path
leads to the'E. to Levidi (p. 352).
Beyond Vytina the caniage road runs to the W. It first leads
diagonally across the valley of the stream of Vytina, on the S.
verge of which, 2y2 M. higher up, near Nemnitza, the site of the
ancient little town of Methydrion is indicated by some scanty ruins
(-)ialatia'). It then proceeds along the slopes of the Argyrdkastro
(4750 ft.), higher up on which lies Magoulyana (4075 ft.; 2 hrs.
from Vytina), the highest permanently inhabited village in the
Peloponnesus, situated within 1/2 hr. of the Frankish castle of
Siderokastro (magnificent panorama). We then traverse the valley
between the Argyiokastro and Madara, and beyond the saddle at
the W. end descend into the valley of the Lousios (p. 385), which
we strike near Karktlou. The fine ancient city-walls at this village
perhaps belonged to Theisoa (not the Theisoa mentioned on p. 390).
Thence we skirt the river for about 3 M. to the S. before reaching —
Dimitzana. — Xenodochion Maeadlis, kept by Dem. Spanides, bed
li/a dr., with restaurant. Good accommodation may be obtained, by means
of an introduction, also at one of the better-class houses in the town.
Dimitzdna (3145 ft.), a small town with 2400 inhab., occupying
the site of the ancient Theutis, is picturesquely situated at the foot
and on the slope of a high rocky ridge, which ends on the W.
in the steep Acropolis (Palaedkastro), surmounted by ancient and
mediaeval ruined fortifications, and on the E. in the Hill of Hagia
Paraskeve, on which stands a chapel. The noisy stream flows past
on the W. in a narrow rocky channel. Under the Turks Dimitzana
was the seat of a highly reputed school, remodelled in 1764 by the
learned Agapios, which possessed an extensive library and was of
considerable importance to the entire Peloponnesus as a centre of
higher culture. The freedom-loving people of Dimitzana were
among the most determined participators in the War of Indepen¬
dence, and to the present day they boast that the Turks never set
foot in their town. Dimitzana has now little life, and many of
its houses are in ruins. As in many other of the mountain-com¬
munities of Arcadia, its inhabitants have become more numerous
than the land can maintain, and many of them emigrate to Athens
or even abroad as traders or artisans.