41. From Tripolis to Olympia via Dimitzana.
This route takes two days: from Tripolis to Dimitzana 9 hrs., also
diligence (10 dr., bargain necessary; running at night in summer) by the
new road via Vytma; from Dimitzana to Olympia 10 hrs., not reckoning
detention at the rivers. In winter the snowfalls among the mountains and
the swollen state of the rivers (p. 3S7) may occasion hindrances. The
route visl Megalopolis (p. 381), Karytaena, and Andritsaena (R. 42), which
takes 1-2 days more, is much preferable.
Tripolis, see p. 349. — The Bridle Path, at first coinciding
with the earriage-road (see below), skirts the Trikorpha Hills to
the W. of the town and crosses the S. ramifications of the Maena-
lon Mts., the chief water-couTse of which is the winding He¬
lisson, here called the brook of David. Beyond (llfe hr.) Selimna
we enter the narrow mountain-locked plain, the S.W. part of which
was named by the ancients Triodoi or the Three Roads. The tomb
of Arkas, the mythical royal ancestor of the Arcadians, was pointed
out there. The mediaeval castle which we see to the right, in the
direction of the village of Arachova, perhaps stands on the site of
the ancient town of Lykoa; while the small ruined citadel, called
Palaeo-Selimna, on the high summit to the left above the hamlet of
Karterdli, may be a relic of the ancient Soumetia or Soumation.
Farther on we cross the Helisson and ascend to the W. to the
village of Chrysovitzi (3620 ft.; 3Y2 hrs. from Tripolis), where
the fatiguing part of the Toute begins. Near Mt. Roudid (5085 ft.),
about 1 hr. farther on, several tracks meet. We may choose either
the shorter but more fatiguing path to the N.W. across the S. heights
of the Thaumasion Mts. of the ancients (the modern Maddra), or
the longer but decidedly preferable track, which leads to the W.
between Mt. Roudia on the right and the almost equally high Mt.
Elias on the left. By this latter route we arrive in 1-Vfe hrs. at
the village of Stemnitza (3530 ft.; 2440 inhab.), conjectured to
occupy the site of the ancient Hypsous. The shapes of the surround¬
ing mountains are very beautiful. The most conspicuous is the
Klinitza (5080 ft.), to the N., separating Stemnitza from Zygovitzi
The route (carriage-road) from Stemnitza to Karytaena (p. 389) takes
about 4'/4 hrs. About halfway, on the right bank of the Dimitzana river,
lies Atzikolo, near the ruins of the ancient town of Qortys, the name of
which seems to have been transferred, with Slavonic modifications, to
We descend by a new carriage-road to the Streamlet of Dimitzana,
known to the ancients as the Lousios or (in its lower course) Gorty-
nios, and proceed along its left bank, amid vineyards yielding an
excellent slightly sparkling wine, towards the conspicuous hill on
which (life hrs.) Dimitzana lies.
The Cabbiagb Road from Tripolis to Dimitzana, making a wide
curve to the N., ascends in windings to the saddle near Selimna
(where the bridle-path diverges, see above), beyond which it runs
to the N.W. along the slopes of the Maenalon. To the right and left
Baedeker's Qaaamammmtstm^ttt 25