40. From Tripolis to Kalamata via Megalopolis
72 M. Railway (two trains daily) in 5 or 6'/2 hrs. (fares 14 dr. 70,
12 dr. 251.; from Athens 30 dr., 22 dr., only one train daily).
Tripolis, see p. 349. — To the left is the ridge of Thana, known to
the ancients as Kresion, which divided the territories of Tegea (p. 362)
and Pallantion (see below). The railway ascends to a bare table¬
land, scored with numerous broad river-beds running in the direc¬
tion of the Taka plain (p. 363). To the right is a mediaeval aqueduct
conveying water from the mountains of Valtetzi to Tripolis. —
3V2 M. Boleta. On a conical green hill, about llfe M. to the S., in¬
cluded with the neighbouring heights under the name of Krdvari
(the classic Boreion; 3570 ft.; p. 363), lie the scanty ruins of
Pallantion, the home of Euandros or Evander. This mythical per¬
sonage was fabled to have led a colony to the Palatine Hill at Rome
before the Trojan War, so that the Romans under the empire regarded
Pallantion as their mother-city, and Antoninus Pius rebuilt and
repeopled the town.
The railway now crosses the pass of Kalogero Vouni (2625 ft.;
'Mount of the Monk'), with a beautiful retrospect of the valley
of Tripolis. Beyond two short tunnels we reach (10 M.) Manari.
After crossing a bridge of seven arches we enjoy repeated views of
the long snow-clad Taygetos, on the S. We descend into the swampy,
maize-covered Plain of Frankovrysis (the Asean Plain of the an¬
cients, from the town of Asea), bounded on the E. by the Kravari
Hills (see above) and on the S. by the Tzimberou Mts. (4110 ft.).
121/2 M. Frankovrysis ('Springs of the Franks'; 2145 ft.; 3 hrs.'
drive from Tripolis). The ruins of Asea, once the mistress of the
whole plain, lie on a precipitous, truncated mountain cone (the
modern 'Palaeokastro of Frankovrysis') to the right. On the slope
towards Frankovrysis are some large fragments of the polygonal wall
(10l/2 ft. thick) of the lower town, visible from the railway. — The
water of the Asean Springs was supposed by the ancients to flow
partly to the Eurotas and partly to tl>3 Alpheios, but the springs
are connected with the latter only (see below).
15'/2 M- Marmaria lies at the W. end of the upland plain, the
water of which escapes here in a narrow ravine and through several
small katavothra?. The road leads over the mountains to the W.
The railway descends the ravine in windings and reaches the
populous plain of Megalopolis, which is bounded on the S. by the
spurs of Taygetos (p. 373), behind which rises the finely-shaped
Hellenitza range (4255 ft.); on the W. by the Tetrasi mountains
(p. 398); on the N.W. by the Diaphorti (p. 390); and on the N. by the
low hills on which stands Karytaena, with the Klinitza Hills (p. 385)
in the background. The various streams of the plain, the chief
of which are the Theious (p. 379) and tbe Xerillas (the ancient