346 Route 32. THE HER.EON.
nade (130 by 65 ft.), of the cella-walls, and often of the interior
columns of the Later Temple (PI. V). After the original temple had
been destroyed by a fire in B.C. 423 the architect Eupolemos of
Argos erected a splendid new edifice, described by Pausanias. This
was a Doric peripteral temple with six columns of poros stone at
each end and twelve at the sides. The stylobate and steps were of
limestone; the metopes, the roofing-tiles, and the sima of marble.
On the E. side it was approached by an inclined plane.
The cella contained a wooden image of Hera, brought hither by the
Argives from the conquered Tiryns, and a chryselephantine statue of the
same goddess from the hand of Polykleitos (p. cii). The reliefs on the
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metopes represented the contests with the giants, the birth of Zeus, and
the victory of the Greeks over the Trojans. A few scanty relics of the
many other sculptures which were once collected here are now at Athens.
To the E. of this terrace lies a building (PI, IV) with found¬
ations for three interior rows of five columns each, dating perhaps
from the 4th cent. B.C. — The lowest terrace runs to the S. and
W. below the central one, and traces of a flight of steps conneoting
them have been found to the E., beside and beneath Colonnade VI.
On this terrace, to the W. of the later temple, is the so-called
Western Building (PI. VII; perhaps of the 6th cent.), and to the
N.W. is another House (PL VIII); but the object of these has not
been ascertained. On a flat piece of ground to the W. is another
Colonnade (PI. X), bounding the N. and W. sides of a square court,
and to the N. is a Romanjrailding (PI. IX).