342 Route 32. ARGOS.
a hard lime-cement mixed with small stones, which served to col¬
lect the rain-water for the cisterns. The walls of the palace itself
were built of sun-dried bricks, many of which have been baked
hard by the fire that destroyed the building. [The wall running
lengthwise through the court, the vestibule, and the Megaron, evid¬
ently belongs to a later building; probably here, as at Mycenae
(p. 336), a temple was erected on the ruins of the ancient palace.]
To the E. and W. of the principal part of the palace lay a con¬
siderable number of smaller chambers, including the Bathroom
(PI. 8; with a floor consisting of one large slab of limestone, on
which the bath-tub stood) and the Women's Apartments. The last
had no direct communication with the men's apartments. In the
chief Women's Room (PI. 11; 25 ft. long and 18 ft. broad) a small
portion of the inner wall, adorned with painting, has been preserved
in the S.E. corner.
The shaft-like openings in different parts of the palace were made
during the excavations of Dr. Schliemann in 1876. — Among the other
traces of later buildings among the archaic ruins are the foundations of
a Byzantine Church (PI. 12), in the S. part of the inner court, and several
.Byzantine tombs (in the W. portico of the great gateway).
We leave the castle by the small door on the W. side, where
55 steps of the ancient staircase are still preserved. The lower en¬
trance is protected by a semicircular outwork.
Argos lies about 41/.; M. from Tiryns. Halfway, ne"ar the hamlet
of Dalamandra (p. 337), is a tavern. The small beds of the Inachos
and the Chdradros (p. 336; generally dry), which we cross beyond
the tavern, unite a little farther down; but the little rivers make
their way to the sea only when swollen by the winter-rains.
Argos. — Hotels (bargain necessary, comp. p. xii). Neon Xeno¬
dochion ton Xenon, near the church; less comfortable are the Xenodo¬
chion Agamemnon (kept by Anagnastopoulos; bed 2 dr.) and Xen. Danaos
(bed. 2 dr.), both in the Plati'a, with eating-houses. — Carriage to Char¬
vati about 8 dr.
Argos, with 12,000 inhab., is the junction of the railway from
Corinth to Tripolis (pp. 336, 347) and the branch-line to Nauplia.
The town, with low, red-roofed houses, lies at the E. base of the
imposing Acropolis of Larisa, and extends to the S. from the low
mound surmounted by the Chapel of St. Elias to the sea. From a
little distance the place looks like a village, but as we approach
it assumes more and more the aspect of a town. On market-days
especially it presents a very busy appearance. The surrounding
swampy plain is gradually being won back to cultivation.
The name Argos, which the city shared with the broad plain through
which the Inachos flows, was itself used to signify 'plain'; just as the
name Larisa, which has been given to the citadel, was a common Pe-
lasgian term for an acropolis. These facts in themselves prove the do¬
minating importance of the town for the whole district; but additional
proof is offered by the early Grecian myths, in which Argos and Thebes
fp. 174) are by far the most prominent of the Greek cities. Hera was the
goddess held in highest reverence at Argos, and she was represented as