TIRYNS. 32. Route. 341
It opens on a passage running N. and S. Following this to the S.
for 25-30 paces we reach a second ruinous Gate (PI. 1), which re¬
sembles the Lion Gate of Mycenae (p. 335) in proportions and struc¬
ture. The gate-posts are 10l/2 ft. high and 41/2 ft. broad; that to the
W. is still entire, that to the E. is broken in half. Projecting at right
angles from the inner face of each a special door-rebate or door-case
is wrought, and in the threshold, immediately behind each stanchion
of the door-case, is a round hole (probably corresponding to similar
holes in a beam overhead) for the reception of the pivots of the hinges.
The holes in the door-posts, halfway up, were used for a strong bar,
which could be thrust home into an opening in the wall when the
door was open. The other gates seem to have been similarly arranged.
Farther on we reach an oblong space, bounded on the left by a
colonnade on the outer wall (above the S.E. gallery mentioned at
p. 340) and on the right partly by the wall of the palace and partly
by a large Gateway (PL 2). The latter, like the Propylaea at Athens,
consisted of the gate proper in the centre and projecting porticos at
the sides. The porticos were each provided with two columns be¬
tween antae. The columns here and throughout the palace were of
wood. This gate leads to a large Inner Court, surrounded by dwell¬
ing-rooms and colonnades. The W. side of the court has been de¬
stroyed by a landslip. At the N.W. corner stood a smaller Gateway
(PI. 3), now only partly recognizable, which was adjoined on the N.
by the most "important part of the palace, consisting of the Men's
Hall and the rooms adjoining it.
Here we first reach the Aule, a rectangular court, 66 ft. long
and 51!/2 ft. broad, which was formerly surrounded by colonnades,
as is proved by the still extant bases of the columns. To the right
of the entrance, on the pavement in front of the S. wall, stands a
Tound Altar (PI. 4), built of masonry and coated with stucco, and
afterwards embedded in a square block of masonry.
Opposite the altar are two low steps leading to a small Portico
(PI. 5) with three doorways. At the foot of the W. wall here (not
its original place) were found the remains of a dado of alabaster,
which was inlaid with blue glass-paste (the 'kyanos' of Homer;
comp. p. 81)! The Vestibule (PI. 6) is connected by a doorway,
672 ft. wide, with the Men's Apartment (Megaron; PI. 7; 38*/2 ft.
by 32 ft.). There are no holes for hinges in this doorway, and it
may have been closed by a curtain and not by a door. The Men's
Room, in which a trigonometrical signal now stands, was covered
with a roof with beams supported by four interior columns, traces
of which still remain. Within the square formed by these columns
lay the open fireplace, where meals were prepared and round which
gathered the chieftain and his men. The smoke probably escaped
through a square opening in the ceiling. As no tiles or stone-
pediment have been found, we must assume that the roof of the
palace was covered with earth. Its flooring throughout consisted of