rNAUPLlA. 32. Route. 339
such as'Miltiades', 'Leonidas', 'Epaminondas', and'Achilles'(also
known by its Turkish name of 'Giourousi', or 'Attack').
Those who wish to inspect the Interior of the fortress apply for a
pass (aSeiot) at the commandant's quarters (<ppoupapxstov), in the town,
either personally or through the landlord of their hotel. The visitor is
accompanied by an officer or soldier. The prisoners, most of whom have
been convicted of serious offences, spend the entire day in the yard and
are allowed to offer to visitors, across the barricade, carved articles of vari¬
ous kinds at low prices. The 'View embraces part of the bay of Argolis
and the entire Argive plain. To the N.E. rises the Acropolis of Katsingri
(p. 330), to the N. close by Tiryns (see below), beyond which we can make
out the general outlines of the site of Mycenae (p. 333); to the N.W. is Argos,
with the Acropolis of Larisa (p. 344); on the W. bank, opposite Nauplia,
lies Myli (p. 317); and farther to the S. the castle of Astros (p. 360) pro¬
jects into the sea.
Numerous Venetian inscriptions, some bearing the lion of St.
Mark, have been built into the fortifications on the two hills and
elsewhere ; one outside the city-gate refers to Francesco Morosini
in 1687 (p. 338).
Behind the railway-station stands an equestrian Monument to
Kolokotronis (p. 75), with gardens round it. Farther on we reach
(Y2 M.) the suburb of Pronia (Hpovota; 1700 inhab.), near which,
on the road to Aria (p. 330), is the figure of a Liow hewn in the
rock by the sculptor Siegel, at the instance of Louis I. of Bavaria,
in memory of the Bavarian troops who died in Greece in 1833-34.
About V2 hr. to the E. of Pronia lies a little nunnery known as Hagia
Moni, the way to which leads through vineyards and olive-groves. The
convent church dates from 1149. In the convent garden a fantastically
ornamented fountain is fed from an ancient shaft in the vicinity; and here
we may recognize without any doubt the renowned stream of Kdnathos,
in which Hera renewed her virginity every spring. Outside the garden,
to the N.W., is a well-like entrance to some subterranean passages, pro¬
bably used as aqueducts.
The cave-tombs on the N.E. slope of the Palamidi, to the E. of Pronia,
were found to contain objects resembling those discovered at Mycenae
From Nauplia to Argos, 7 M., railway, see p. 337 (carriage
in 1 y2 hr., see p. 337). The road passes near the hill of Hagios
Elias, which yielded the stone for the Cyclopean walls of Tiryns.
About 2i/2 M. from Nauplia lies the station of Tiryns (p. 337), near
an agricultural school. Beside the station is a small tavern. The
guardian of the antiquities (cpuXa? tuW dp^aioT^TtDv) acts as guide
(fee 50 1.); the visit takes I-IV2 hr.
"Tiryns (Tipuv?) is the most celebrated and certainly the most
ancient example of the Cyclopean style of building. Homer refers to
its walls as characteristic and speaks of it as the 'wall-girt Tiryns
(Tipovftcic re TEtytoeaoav, II. II. 559); and Pausanias (p. cxxiv) asserts
that, like Mycenae, it is no less wonderful than the Egyptian
pyramids. The rocky eminence, which rises only 30-60 ft. above
the plain, is surrounded by a wall of massive and almost unhewn
blocks, from 6-10 ft. long and 3 ft. wide, placed in regular layers
and connected with each other by means of smaller stones. The
original height of the wall has been estimated, from the blocks that