TTSTTPTIA. 32. Route. 337
Argos is connected with Nauplia by means of a branch-railway,
with seven tTains daily. The intermediate stations are (35V2 M. from
Corinth) Dalamandra and (37 ife M.) Tiryns, situated close to the
high-road between Argos and Nauplia and near the ancient fortress
(see p. 339).
40 M. Nauplia, see below. The station is situated at the N.
base of the Palamidi, near the suburb of Pronia, and not far from
the E. city-gate.
32. Nauplia. Tiryns. Argos.
Nauplia is the best headquarters for excursions to Tiryns, the Heraeon,
Argos, Mycenae (p. 333), and the Hieron of Epidauros (p. 326). — Those
who hire a Carriage (see below) for the whole day may drive via Ti¬
ryns and the Heraeon to Charvati (3 hrs.), visit Mycenae on foot (272 hrs.),
and drive from Charvati to Argos (2-272 hrs.) and thence to Nauplia in
172 hr. more (or take the evening-train from Argos to Nauplia, 25 min.). —
Provisions should be taken. — Arrival at Nauplia by sea, see p. 324.
Nauplia. — Hotels. A bargain should be made as to charges, which
are, of course, lower out of the travelling season. Hotel des Eteangers
et dk Mtcenes, on the quay, with a branch (PI. b) in the Platia, K.,
L., & A. ca. 4, pens., incl. wine, 12-15 fr. (in gold), Hew Hotel, opposite,
pens. 14-16 fr., both well spoken of; Hot. HebmSs (formerly Anglia; PI. c),
a little cheaper, Hot. d'Eubope, R., L., & A. from 3, pens., incl. wine,
9-10 dr., well spoken of, both in the Platia. — Restaurants at the Hot. des
Etrangers and Hot. d'Europe.
The Horses and Carriages here (as in Argos) are comparatively good.
They are to be found outside the town-gates and in the suburb of Pronia,
but it is usual to hire them through the landlord of the hotel. Carriage
to P/4 hr.) Tiryns 7 dr., to (2>/2 hrs.) Mycenae 25, to Mycenae and back by
Argos 30 dr.; to the Hieron of Epidauros, see p. 324. Horse for a tour of
several days, 7-8 dr. per day; for one day, not returning to Nauplia, 10 dr.
A Museum has recently been arranged.
Nauplia or Navplion, called by the Italians Napoli di Romania,
is a rising little trading-town with 6810 inhab., for the most part
immigrants from Hydra and other Grecian islands. The nomarch
of the province of Argolis, an archbishop, and various tribunals
have their seats here. The beautiful and healthy situation of the
town, its handsome new buildings, and the un-Grecian cleanness
of the streets, invite the traveller to a stay of some time. The
houses are congregated on the narrow space between the rocky fast¬
ness of Palamidi, the harbour-rock of Itsh-Kaleh (p. 338), the
quays, and the walls of the old fortifications. The most frequented
spots are the Platia Syntdgmatos, or main square, in which is a Monu¬
ment to Demetrios Ypsilantis (pp. 344, 348), and the promenades
at the harbour in the evening.
The names of Nauplios (seaman) and of his sons Nausimedon (ship¬
master) and CEax (steersman), which are closely connected with the
legendary origin of Nauplia, as well as the situation of the ancient town
on a peninsula not in immediate contact with the plain, seem to prove that
its founders arrived by sea. The foreign element is represented by the
inventive Palamedes, to whom is attributed the first lighthouse, the ear¬
liest use of masts and of scales, and the perfecting of alphabetic writing.
The opposition of the haven to the inland towns is also typified by the
Baedeker's Greece. 4th Edit. 22