336 Route 31. MYCENAE.
altogether the bones of seventeen persons. They were marked by nine
steles, and may therefore be the tombs shown to Pausanias as the
tombs of Agamemnon and his family. An extraordinary quantity
of gold and other ornaments were found iti the graves. Probably the
bodies had been exposed to the influence of fire before or at burial.
The walls farther to the S. and to the S.E. beside the wall of the
Acropolis appear to have belonged to a dwelling-house. The hut of
the keeper commands a good survey of the ruins.
The triangular ground-plan of. the fortifications, with the apex
pointing E. to the ravine, can be well seen from the Summit of the
Acropolis (910 ft.) to which we now ascend. On the N. and S.E. the
Acropolis is divided from the rest of the mountain by deep ravines,
containing water-courses (generally dry) which farther down bound
for a short distance the lower town also. Chr. Tsountas exhumed
here in 1887 part of a Palace, resembling that at Tiryns, the S.
end of which has been swept away by a landslip. A flight of steps
(20 steps preserved) ascends to the court, off the right side of which
open a vestibule, an ante-room, and the men's apartment. In the
middle of the last is an altar. To the W. of the court another apart¬
ment has been made out, with anterooms and a corridor behind.
Other rooms lay to the N. of the court. At a later date (ca. 6th cent.)
a temple of Athena was erected, extending from the middle of the
court northwards. Several archaic sculptures in poros stone (now
in Athens) found in the vicinity are perhaps remains of the metopes
of this temple. •— Ancient cisterns and traces of conduits occur at
various points. — The view extends over the entire Argolic plain
as far as the Larisa (p. 344) and the sea.
We now descend to the small Postern, which we see below us
on the N. side. Its exterior approach is peculiarly placed so that the
walls could command only the shielded left side of assailants. Be¬
tween this postern and the N.W. angle of the castle a secret passage
with steps (11 and 83 steps) leads through the wall, ending at a
subterranean reservoir, about 45 yds. farther on, which received its
water from a spring 600 yds. to the E., and is named by Pausanias
the Perseia Fountain (the custodian provides lights). — A footpath
leads round the outside of the walls to the Gate of the Lions. The
entire district to the N. and W. is dotted with rock-tombs, of which
over 100 have been examined with most interesting results.
As the train proceeds the fortified height of the 1'alamidi and
the low Acropolis of Nauplia come into sight on the S. Beyond
(29 M.) Koutzopodi the railway crosses the Panitza, the ancient
Inachos, and just before reaching Argos it passes over the broad and
stony channel of the Xerids, the ancient Charadros, which lay like
a moat in front of the E. fortifications of ancient Argos.
33 M. Argos, see p. 342. Carriage to the (ife M.) town, 1 dr. —
The main line goes on to Tripolis, see R. 33.