330 Route 30. ASINE.
Mdseum. On pedestals in the centre of the Main Room are a number
of inscriptions referring to a certain Titus Statilius, who was overloaded
with honours by Epidauros, Athens, and Sparta. The pedestals in the
Side Room bear long inscriptions relating to the building of the temple of
jEsculapius and the Tholos; the inscriptions on the walls are those of
In tbe New Museum portions of the two temples, especially the Tholos
(p. 328), are being reconstructed out of ancient fragments and, where
necessary, with plaster. On the completion of this museum the contents
of the old museum will be brought hither.
From the Hieron to Nauplia, about 18'/2 M. (carriage, see
p. 324). The road, running between the hills of Theokavtd on the
right and Kotroni on the left, leaves the hamlet of Kordni to the
left and (ca. 3/4 hr. from the Hieron) skirts the base of the hill on
which lies the conspicuous village of Ligourid (1300 inhab.). On
the hill are some remains of an old wall ('Palaeokastro'), perhaps
a relic of the ancient Lessa, which lay on the boundary between
Epidauros and Argos. There are similar ruins farther to the E.,
near the chapels of Hagios Taxiarchis (to the right) and Hagios
Demetrios (to the left). About ]/2 M. beyond Ligourio, in a field
to the right, stands a chapel of Hagia Marina, with a few mural
fragments, and a little to the E. are foundations in the style of a
Pyramid (comp. p. 347).
About 3 M. beyond Ligourio the old bridle-path via. Katsingri
(see below) diverges to the right. The road traverses the district of
Soulinari, passing near a small ancient stronghold, now called Ka-
sarmi, with ruins of massive walls, towers, and gates, chiefly in
the polygonal style. At the foot of the hill is a Cyclopean bridge,
the vaulting of which is formed by projecting courses of masonry.
Some authorities place the site of Lessa here (but comp. above).
The road passes no more dwellings, with the exception of two
khans, until it reaches Aria, 2 M. from Nauplia, with which it is
connected by an aqueduct. We then pass the sculptured lion
mentioned at p. 339 and reach Prdnia, a suburb of Nauplia (p. 339).
Near Aria the Carriage Road to (3 M.) Tolon diverges to the left.
Halfway, near Tsnpheraga, remains of the Dryopian town of Asine have
been found, consisting of the Mycenaean walls of the Acropolis and of the
Megaron (with Irescoei), an ancient temple, and tombs. After the destruc¬
tion of Asine by the Argives the Lacedaemonians translerred the inhabitants
to the sife of the present Korone (p. 406), after the First Messenian War.
The above-mentioned Bridle Path, about '/2 hr. after the parting of the
ways, reaches the ruins of an ancient little fortress, now called Kastraki
tou Phoniskou, which resemble those of Kasarmi. We next proceed across
a^ barren plateau and, making a slight detour, reach (l'/s hr.) the prettily
situated monastery of Hagios Demdlrios Karakald. Tolerable night-quarters
may be procured here. After another full hour we pass another ancient
fortress, constructed of large polygonal blocks, and shortly afterwards
(ll/4 hr. from Hagios Demetrios) we reach Katsingri, where we are still
lt/i hr. from Nauplia.