to Nauplia. THE HIERON. 30. Route. 329
To the N. of the Tholos are the remains of two Colonnades, with
an aggregate length of 76 yards. That to the E. had one story only,
that to the W. two stories, the ground-floor being reached by de¬
scending fourteen steps. In the S.E. angle of the E. colonnade is a
well, 56 ft. deep, still containing water. The two colonnades prob¬
ably formed the Abaton or Enkoimeterion, the dormitory for patients,
and the well is probably the ancient Medicinal Well of ^Esculapius.
On the E. wall beside it are bases for inscriptions by grateful
patients (p. 330). — At the W. end of the colonnades begins the
double enclosing wall which was built aTound the central edifices
of the sanctuary near the close of the Roman period.
To the S. of this wall, beyond the present road, lies the Stadion,
600 local feet (each = 0,99 Engl, ft) in length. There were probably
no stone seats except in the middle of the longer sides. The starting-
place at the E. end was indicated by a low parapet of poros stone,
with grooves and eleven divisions, bounded at the ends with un-
fluted columns on quadrangular bases. The five Ionic pilasters and
the two hollow slabs were placed in front of it at a later date. Both
the E. and W. ends of the stadion were quadrangular (comp. p. 300);
the race was from one end to the other, or in the case of the double
course, there and back. A vaulted passage, not quite in the middle
of the N. side, led to the sanctuary. To the W. of the stadion ex¬
tended a large hall. — There seems to have been a hippodrome
in the plain, about life M. to the S.W. of the Hieron.
The open space to the N.E. of the temple of ./Esculapius, now
strewn with fragments, probably represents the Grove of AZsculapius,
which was full of votive gifts, memorial inscriptions, and exedrae.
On the left are a Roman bath and, farther on, the foundations of a
temple (perhaps of Aphrodite); opposite, on the right, are stoae,
with Roman baths behind them, to the right of which are a temple¬
like Greek structure and a Roman house. Straight on, about 200 yds.
to the N. of the temple of ^Esculapius and a little short of the N.
brook, are a fragment of the Festal Road from Epidauros to the
Hieron (joined farther to the N. by the road from Argos), and
the Great Propylaeum of the Hieron. The pavement and sloping ap¬
proaches of the latter are of limestone flags; the superstructure,
in the Ionic and Corinthian styles, was of poros stone and, judging
by the execution (especially that of the beautiful marble lions'
heads), was erected a short time after the Tholos.
The visitor should examine a number of large Reservoirs, to
which water is brought from the hill to the E., and the well-house
at the base of the Titthion. In the Greek period the water was
distributed to the different parts of the sanctuary by means of open
stone channels, interrupted at intervals by shallow basins; under
the Romans pipes of clay also were used. — There is also a large
late-Roman reservoir on the Kynortion, near the shrine of Apollo
mentioned on p. 326.