298 Route 26. OLYMPIA. Treasuries.
Passing hence to the E. through the Heraon we reach the Exedra
of Herodes Atticus, the architectonic termination of an aqueduct
built by Herodes Atticus (p. 23) about 156 A.D. and extending from
the upper valley of the Alpheios to Olympia. The lower part is
occupied by a cistern or reservoir, flanked by two circular marble
erections with eight columns, and above is a large vaulted semi¬
circular space, the niches in which formerly contained statues of
the family of Herodes and of the Roman imperial house. On the
edge of the cistern stood a.marble bull bearing the dedicatory in¬
scription. This bull and the beautiful Corinthian capital of one of
the columns are now in the Museum (p. 308; Room V).
Passing two altars we come next to the foundations of the Me-
troon (i.e. the temple of the Mother of the Gods), the image in
which had disappeared even by the time of Pausanias. The build¬
ing was deliberately demolished in the Byzantine period, and the
materials used for the wall of the fortification (p. 292). The three
steps and a single drum on the N. side are all that have been spared.
The temple was a Doric peripteros with six columns at the ends
and eleven at the sides ; though very small, its cella had both a
pronaos and an opisthodomos. It was probably built at the begin¬
ning of the 4th cent. B.C. A few of the statues of Roman em¬
perors which Pausanias saw in the cella have been discovered
among the foundations.
We now ascend to the terrace of the treasuries by means of a
flight of steps, which probably antedates the Persian Wars. We begin
our inspection at the W. end. Behind the E. wing of the Exedra
is an Altar to Hercules, and adjacent is a small square building with
a pronaos of soft limestone. The name of this evidently very ancient
sanctuary is unknown.
To the E. of this point extends the long row of Treasuries,
described by Pausanias. They were used to preserve the smaller
votive offerings of the various towns and states, the weapons and
disks for the games, etc. The westernmost is the Treasury of the
Sikyonians (PI. I), constructed of better material than was usual
at Olympia and dating from the 5th cent. B. C. Like most of the
others it consists of a cella, with a narrow pronaos, distyle in antis.
The entablature, columns, and wall-masonry have been discovered
nearly entire, and now lie partly between the Heraeon and Metroon
and partly within the Byzantine church (p. 302). The capitals lie
to the W. of the altar of Zeus ; and one of the blocks of the E. anta,
bearing the builders' inscription, may be seen in the museum. —
Pausanias does not mention the next two treasuries (PI. II and III),
which were most likely demolished by Herodes Atticus who trans¬
ferred the Kronion road hither, after he had built the Exedra. The
following five treasuries (PI. IV-VIII), belonging to the towns of
Syracuse, Epidamnos, Byzantium, Sybaris, and Cyrene, are re¬
presented now only by their foundations, though a few fragments