Nike of Paeonios. OLYMPIA. 26. Roate. 295
In front of the E. facade, where the approach was formed by a
sloping terrace, are several bases of statues, discovered here built
into the Byzantine E. wall (p. 292), in the order in which Pausanias
mentions them. Not far from the S.E. approach to the terrace is
a semicircular substructure, which bore the statues of nine Greek
heroes at the Trojan War, drawing lots for the duel with Hector.
The statue of Nestor shaking the lots in a helmet stood on the round
base on the opposite side of the way. This famous work was by
Onatas. — The- large marble base close by doubtless supported a
quadriga, and probably so did the sandstone base beside the path,
farther to the S. Perhaps these were votive offerings of Gelon and
Hieron, rulers of Syracuse, who won victories at Olympia.
Opposite the .S.E. angle of the temple a large marble base has
been rebuilt of five blocks, with archaic inscriptions. Two distichs
in the middle celebrate the founder, Praxiteles, citizen of Syracuse
and Kamarina, though a native of Mantinea ('let this be a token of
his worth'); on the right and left are the names of the artists. —
Behind rises the lofty circular pedestal of a statue of Zeus, dedi¬
cated by the Lacedaemonians during the third Messenian War; the
epigram quoted by Pausanias is on the upper edge.
Farther to the E., and near the path following the line of the
Byzantine wall, stands the lofty triangular Base of the Nike of Paeo¬
nios (p. 306), which consisted of eight blocks. The two stones
which have been set up again bear an inscription of the Roman
period, containing the decision in the boundary dispute (mentioned
at p. 375) between Messenia and Lacedaeinonia. The original vo¬
tive inscription (comp. p. 218) is now in the museum.
Farther to the N. is the Base of the Eretrian Bull (p. 308), by
Philesios. Close by .is that of the statue of the Rhodian Eukles by
'Naukydes and beyond, that of the Athenian pankration-champion
Kallias, with the name of Mikon, the sculptor. The base of the
statue of the Lokrian Euthymos, with an epigram and the name of
the sculptor Pythagoras, is at the N.E. angle of the Byzantine wall,
the foundations of which at this part were formed of drums of col¬
umns from the Metroon, a large number of which lie scattered about.
The remains of a foundation dug up not far off may perhaps be
those of the House of CEnomaos, which stood to the left of the
passage from the altar of Zeus to the temple of Zeus (but comp.
The large Altar of Zeus, or, more accurately, its scanty remains,
was exhumed rather more to the N., where the hollow in the soil is
visible, but it has been buried agaiit. Like nearly all the older
buildings at Olympia it has a foundation of undressed stones. The
ground-plan is an ellipse, agreeing with the measurements given
by Pausanias. Some authorities regard this elliptical foundation as
the site of tho House of OSnomaos (see above) and identify the altar
between the Pelopion and the Heraeon (p. 296) as the Altar of Zeus.