PTTOTDS. 26. Route. 289
Dervish-Jelebi. — Farther on the country is covered with currant-
gardens. — 0O72 M. Kardama; bVfe M. Doune'ika; 5372 M. Hagios
Elias. — The line, which has now approached close to the sea,
affording a view of Zante with Mt. Skopos, enters the ravine of
the streamlet Vdvos. On the left bank are the convent and village
of Skaphidia. — 55V2 M- Myrtid.
The train crosses the Vovos; to the right, a view of Katakolo
and Pontikokastro (see below). — 57 M. Skourochori; 59 M. Lasleika.
61V2 M. PyrgOS. — The Station lies in the N. of the town; a
second station, for Katakolo (see below), in the W.
Inns. Xenodochion Olympia, with a good and clean restaurant, bed
3 dr., bargain beforehand; Xen. Hermes, Xen. Heptanesos, restaurant at
both. — There are several Cafis in the main street.
Carriage to Olympia about 25 dr. (horse or mule 5 dr.); bargain
Physician. Dr. Polysogdpoulos, understands German.
Pyrgos, a town of 12,700 inhab., consisting mainly of one long
street, crowded with warehouses, is the capital of the nomos of
Eleia and the largest town but two in the Peloponnesus. It is
situated on an eminence, among cornfields, vineyards, and planta¬
tions of currants. — With its harbour Katakolo, life M. distant, it
is connected by a railway (^2 hr.; 1 dr. 56, 1 dr. 30 1.). Katakolo,
founded in 1857, is one of the most important harbours for the ex¬
port of currants from the Peloponnesus. The building between the
two connected hills of the promontory is the mediaeval citadel of
Pontikdkastro, called Beauvoir by the French. — Steamer to Zante,
see p. 405.
Railway from Pyrgos to Kyparissia and Zevgalatid, see p. 401.
From Pyrgos to Olympia is a railway-journey of 1 hr., through
the valley of the Alpheios, to the E. — 11/4 M. Lamped; 41/2 M.
Alpheios, the terminus of the line from Kyparissia (p. 401); 6 M.
Koukoura. — The line then crosses the Lestenitza, the classic
Enipeus. — 8 M. Strephi; 10 M. Kriekouki (1315 inhab.); IOV2 M.
Platanos. — 12'/2 M. Olympia.
A Visit to Olympia, which is not recommended in the oppressive heat
of a Greek summer, is most conveniently made by means of the railway
from Patras (B. 25). An alternative route is offered by the Greek Steamers,
which ply almost daily from Zante (p. 279) to Katakolo (see above). —
A stay of not less than one full day is necessary to obtain a satisfactory
and enduring impression of Olympia, although, of course, it is possible
to hurry through the excavations and the museum in a few hours.
The best preparation for a visit to Olympia is a study of A. Boetticher's
'Olympia' (2nd ed., Berlin, 1885) or of H. Luckenbach's 'Olympia und
Delphi' (Munich, 1901; 2'/2 M.). The monumental work 'Olympia, die
Ergennisse der Ausgrabungen', by Curtius and Adler (Berlin, 1890-97;
600 M = 301.) comprizes 5 vols, of text, 4 vols, of plates, and a portfolio
with maps and plans.
Hotels. Gbano Hotel do Chemin de Feb, a de'pendance of the Grand
Hotel at Patras, finely situated on the hill beside the Museum, 32 beds,
Baedekeb's Greece. 4th Edit. 19