ACHAIA. 25. Route. 287
and in 61/2 hrs. after leaving Patras reach the village of Santameri, where
the night may be spent if necessary. The castle of this name was founded in
1311 by Nicolas III. de St. Omer. The ancient town of Thalamae, the refuge
of the Eleans in times of danger, probably stood in this neighbourhood.
Santameri lies on the N.W. declivity of a mountain group of the same
name (p. 283). Our route descends the valley of a str< am flowing to the
S past the W. base of the mountain. We pass near Portaes, and in 2 hrs.
reach the Peneios, which here emerges from a narrow rocky channel into
the open plain. We cross the river and in 1/t hr. reach the village of
Agrapidochdri, situated on a wooded hill, near which the Elean Ladon
flows into the Peneios. Its delta contains the faint traces of an ancient
town, probably the Elean Pylos.
We ascend along the Ladon to (IV2 hr.) the hamlet of Koiilougli, partly
built of ancient stones, brought from a 'palseokastro', 3/4 M. to the E.,
which was also a fortress in the middle ages. About 1 hr. farther on the
Ladon bends towards the E., but our route lies straight on. Beyond
(V2 hr.) Mousdki we turn to the S.W. and cross the hills, which gradually
sink on the S. into the plain of the Alpheios. We pass the villages of
Karatotila, Landsdi, BroUma, Poumdri, Kriekouki, and Pldtanos, and reach
the excavations at Olympia in 3 hrs.
25. From Patras to Pyrgos and Olympia by Railway.
74 M. Railway in 5-5'/2 hrs. Fares to Pyrgos 12 dr. 70, 10 dr. 101.,
to Olympia 15 dr. 40, 12 dr. 20 1., return-ticket, valid for 3 days, 27 dr. 80 1.,
22 dr., with coupon for one day's pension at the Grand Hotel at Olympia
(wine extra) 42 dr. 80 I., 37 dr. Through-connection to Olympia by two
trains daily. — From Pyrgos to Olympia in 1 hr.; fares 2 dr. 70, 2 dr. 10 1.,
return-ticket, valid for two days, 4 dr. 90, 3 dr. 80 1.
Patras, see p. 283. — The railway at first skirts the Gulf of
Patras. Beyond (l3/4 M.) Itid we cross the river Glaukos, now
called Levka, which rises on the lofty mountain-group of Panachai-
kon, the modern Vo'idid (6320 ft.). The mountains now approach
close to the sea. Then follow in rapid succession the stations of
Mindilogli, Moiodendri, Hagios Vasilios, Tzoukaleika, and Kaminia.
Beyond (11 M.) Alyssos we cross the ancient Peiros, now called
river of Kamnitza (p. 286).
12y2 M. Achaia, the station for Kato-Acha'ia, a large village,
which, with the 'upper' village of the same name (Epano-Achaia),
3 M. to the S., has preserved the name of the ancient N. Pelopon¬
nesian district. Some scanty ruins to the S. of Kato-Achaia are
supposed to be those of the early-decayed Olenos, one of the 12
federal cities of Achaea; more probably, however, they indicate the
site of the more important Dyme.
The plain of Kato-Acha'ia is very fertile. An oak-wood stretches
for many leagues along both sides of the Ldrisos (now called Mana
or Stimana), which formed the ancient boundary between Achaea
and Elis. Through the breaks in the trees we catch glimpses on
the right of the Mdvravouna, with Cyclopean walls dating from the
ancient Larisa (p. 405).
Beyond (I8V2 M.) Sage'ika and (21i/2 M.) Lappa the railway
crosses the Larisos, near the site of the ancient Bouprdsion, and
reaches (23Y2 M.) the hamlet of AH-Jelebi, the name of which is