286 Route 24. PATRAS.
The second and third cross-streets to the left lead from the St.
Nicholas Street to another square. Here on the right stands the
High School, which contains a small collection of antiquities, includ¬
ing the fragment of a sarcophagus adorned with Nereids.
The first street parallel with the St. Nicholas Street on the N.E.
leads to the ascent to the Venetian-Turkish Castle, which is now
used for a prison and barracks. The main entrance is on the W. side.
Many ancient hewn and sculptured stones have been built into the
walls, especially on the N. side, and the remains of a Roman
Odeion, with twenty-five tiers of seats in brickwork (originally
covered with marble), have beeti discovered in the neighbourhood.—
Beyond the reservoir, which provides the town with an abundant
supply of good water, a picturesque path, commanding a series of
beautiful views, leads round the S. side of the fortress. Consider¬
able remains of a Roman Aqueduct, which crossed the valley here
in a double row of arches, may still be seen. — Several interesting
relics of antiquity may be seen also in the houses of Mr. Wood, the
British Consul (fine votive relief), and other private individuals.
The inscriptions immured in the walls of the chapels of the town
and neighbourhood bear witness to the prosperity of Patras in the
Those who take an interest in wine-growing may pay a visit to the
Gutland Vineyards of the German Achaia Wine Co., about 4 M. to the S.E.
of Patras, where the German method of cultivation and manufacture was
introduced first by Heir Clauss. who has a vilfa here. Large quantities
of mavrodaphne, malmsey, achaia, and other Greek wines are stored in
the cellars here. The workmen are almost exclusively German. The
yearly export of wine is about 88,0110 g Hods, all over 5 years old with
the exception of the tighter table wines for immediate consumption.
Another excursion may be made to the Castle of Morea (p. 218), bl\t M.
to the N.E , the way to which passes the ruins of a Boman triumphal
arch. — The convent of Gerokomid, 'i'/i M- to the E., affords a beautiful view.
Ascent of the Olonos. 2 days, fatiguing. From Patras we drive in
5-6 hrs. to the village of Vlasia (2315 ft.; 1260 inhab.), with its convent,
at the end of a ravine. Thence we proceed to the W. to the N. base of
the mountain, and foffow the slope through fir-woods and over a spur,
which offers a fine view of the deep gorge of the impetuous Kamnitza
(see below), ou the E. side of which is a waterfall. In 21/2 hrs. we reach a
shepherd's but (4635 ft.), where the night may be spent. Thence a fatiguing
path ascends to the Apanokampos (5355 ft.), where at midsummer another
shepherd's encampment is found at the foot of the peak. Traversing a
shallow mountain valley towards the S.W., we cross a saddle, and reach
the summit of the "Olonos (73(10 ft.), the ancient Erymanlhos. The view
hence embraces the islands of Ithaka, Kephallenia, and Zante, nearly the
entire W. coast of the Peloponnesus, the mountains of Arcadia, the Pan-
achaikon (p. 287), Chelmos (p. 312), Kyllene (p. 313), and the long moun¬
tain-chain of central Greece.
The Bridle Path from Patras to Olympia via Santameri takes two
days and is f itiguing and passabfe only in summer. We foflow the carriage-
road to Kato-Arhaia (p. 237) for about 6 M (2 hrs.) from Patras, and at
Hagios Vasilios (p 287) strike off to the left across the hills between the
Peiros or Hirer of Kamnitza (p. 287) and the sea. We then cross the Peiros
and farther on several of its tributaries. [The plain of the Peiros belonged
to the town of Pharae, the scanty ruins of which lie near the khan of Pre-
vetd, about 6 M. aside from the path] We ride past Aria, where there
is a mediaeval fortress commanding the pass, and the Convent of Maritza,