284 Route 24. PATRAS.
in Andreas Street, with 25 rooms, B., L., & A. 21/2, with two beds 4fr.,
B. 70 c, dej. 21js. D. 372, both incl. wine, pens 8fr., well spoken of.
Cafe-Bestaurants. At the two first-named Hotels (p. 283), both good.
— Can in the Square of St. George.
Post Office, on the E. side of the Square of St. George. — Telegraph
Office, in the first cross-street to the right in coming from the harbour.
Cabs. Per drive in the town 1 dr. — Electric Tramway in the main
street, passing the church of Sant' Andreas, on the S.W., to Itia (p. 287),
and to tbe upper town (see the Plan).
Steamers of the Ellerman Lines from Patras to Liverpool, see p. 1.
agents at Patras, D. T. Angelopoulo d- Sons The offices of the Austrian Lloyd
are a few doors E. from the Hotel Patras; Panhellenios Co. in the same street
farther W. from the harbour.
British Consulate, next the Hotel d'Angleterre. Consul, Fred. Wood;
Vice-Consul, 67. IV". Crowe. American Consulate, opposit- the Hotel de
Patras. Consul, Edward I. Nathan; Vice-Consul, H. J. Woodley. — Physician
(English-speaking), Dr. Koryllos.
English Church (St. Andrew's), services af'lO.SO and 3; lay-reader,
Patras, popularly called Wd.xpa, but officially designated by the
ancient form ndxpc/i (Italian Patrasso), with 51,932 inhab., the
seat of the nomarch of Achaia and of a Greek archbishop and of
an appeal-court, is the largest town of the Peloponnesus and the
largest but two in the Greek kingdom. Its commerce, chiefly con¬
cerned with the export of currants, the principal product of the
Poloponriesus (comp. p. xliii), wine (700.000-880,0^0 gal. annually),
olive-oil, vallonia acorns, and hides, is moTe important than that of
Corfu, Syra, or Athens. In 1821 it was almost entirely destroyed
by Yussuf Pasha of Euboea, but it has been rebuilt in an improved
manner since the end of the War of Liberation. Its wide streets,
flanked with arcades, are partly at right angles to the quay and
partly parallel with it.
In the earliest period the place, which occupied the site of the pre¬
sent fortress, bore the name of Aroe, i.e. arable land. The first of its
kings, according to the legend, was Eumelos, the 'rich in flocks', who, in
conjunction with Trip'olemoc of Eleusis, the favourite of Demeter (p. 107),
founded near Aroe, Aniheia (tbe 'blooming') and Mesatis (the 'middle
land'). The original inhahitants were Ionians, who were afterwards ex¬
pelled by the Achaean invaders from th'- East. The new town founded
by the latter received 'he name of Palrae, but though it assisted Athens
in the Peloponnesian War and took a share in founding the Achaean
League in B.C. 281, it makes no prominent appearance in history till
the time of Augustus. That emperor, after the battle of Actium (p. 256),
established here the Colonia Augusta Aroe Patrensis, which quickly be¬
came distinguished for its industrial activity. The labour of its factories,
in which the 'liyssos' (cotton?) of Elis was made into cloth, was mainly
supplied by women. Like Corinth Patras was one of the earliest seats
of Christianity, though the story that the Apostle Andrew was crucified
and buried here may be rejected as apocryphal. St. Andrew , however,
is the patron-saint of the town, and it was under his banner that it of¬
fered a successful resistance to the Sfavs in the 9th century. Some idea
of the wealth of Patras at this period may lie gained from the story of
the Widow Danielis, who was received at Constantinople by the Kmp.
Basil I. (86' 886) in S('8 with royal honours, and bequeathed 80 estates to
the Kmp Leo VI. Patras was the point from which Guillaume de Champlitte
and Geoffroy de Villel.ardouin conquered the Morea in 1205; and it after¬
wards became the seat of a Latin archbishop. During the 15th cent.
Patras was for a short time in the hands of the Venetians and of the Pope,