PATRAS. 24. Route. 283
ponnesus and left them conquerors over the earlier Achaean settlers,
the inhabitants of the S. and E. coasts were regarded as belonjiing
to the Doric stock, while those of the mountainous interior and of
the N. and N.W. coasts were included in the Achaean-AZolic family.
The earliest invasions of the N. races were the temporary preda¬
tory raids of the Goths in the years 267 and 395 of our era (comp.
p. 23); the peninsula, like the rest of Greece, remained subject
to the Byzantine empire. But in the 6th and the two following
centuries appeared the Avars, Slavs, and other tribes, who establish¬
ed themselves in the country and in a great measure dislodged the
Greeks. Converted, however, to Christianity by the Byzantines, these
strangers from the N. gradually adopted the Greek tongue, so that
by the 10th cent, it was once more the language of the country.
In 1204 and 1205 Geoffroy de Villehardouin and Guillaume de
Champlitte conquered the Peloponnesus with the aid of their Bur-
gundian knights; and the latter assumed the title of 'Prince of
Morea.' Geoffroy de Villehardouin succeeded him in the title, and
the dignity remained in his family until 1278. The country mean¬
while was divided into 12 baronies; and baronial castles were
everywhere built, after the manner of W. Christendom. The coasts
were occupied by the Venetians. From 1278 till 1383 the Pelo¬
ponnesus was in the possession of the Neapolitan house of Anjou,
who ruled it by means of governors. Before the close of the 13th
cent, the Byzantines had again effected a footing on the peninsula,
and at the beginning of the 15th cent, it was once more subject to
their power, despite the invasion of the pastoral Albanians, who
made their first appearance in the century before. When the Byzan¬
tine empire fell before the Ottoman power, the Peloponnesus passed
in 1460 into the hands of the Turks, who in 1540 secured posses¬
sion of the Venetian coast-settlements also. In 1685 the Venetian
general Francesco Morosini landed in the Peloponnesus with an
army, largely recruited in Germany, and in three years was master
of the entire peninsula; but the Venetian power lasted only for
a short time (till 1718). — The population of the Peloponnesus is
described as a hellenized mixed race. It includes about 50,000
Albanians, chiefly in Corinth and Argolis.
24. Patras and its Environs.
Arrival by Sea. The steamers anchor in the harbour. Embarkation
or disembarkation 1 dr., with lusgage 2 dr., hotel-boat 2V* dr. — The
Railway Station lies to the N.E. of the harbour, 5 min from the landing-
place. There is a subsidiary station to the S , beside Hagios Andreas.
Hotels (payments in gold; bargain necessary), all near the landing-
place and station. Hotel d'Angleterre (PI. a), with 62 rooms, R., L., &
A. 3-6, B. li/s, de"j. 3'/2 D. 5, pens 12'/2-15 fr., well spoken of; Gband
Hotel de Patras (Pi. b), with 60 rooms, R., L., A A. 4, B. 1, dej. 31/2,
D. 5, pens. 10-12i|s fr.; New Hotel & Toebist Hotel, between these two,