DOMBR^ENA. 7. Route. 161
we follow, diverges to the right about 220 yds. farther on, beyond
a small bridge, and crosses the low range of hills projecting to the
N.E., by the Kerata Pass, which rises 490 ft. above the plain and
on either side of which are mountains 330 ft. higher. This range,
called Thourion in antiquity, separated the plain of Chaeronea from
the territory of Lebadeia and was sacred to Apollo who had a
temple here (fine view towards Livadia from the top). At the S.
base we pass the Provatia and, in 13/4 hr. from Kapraena, we reach
the little town of Livadid (p. 180), which is dominated by a con¬
spicuous fortress. The highroad, on the other hand, makes a bend
round the Thourion and runs to the N.E. towards Livadia, being
joined on the way by the road from Orchomenos (p. 190) and from
Livadia station and finally by the highroad from Thebes.
7. From Livadia to Thebes via Helikon, Thespise,
Leuktra, and Plataea.
This interesting mountain-excursion may be accomplished on horse¬
back in three days (railway from Livadia to Thebes, see pp. 180-179).
1st Day. From Livadii to Koutoumoula, 3% hrs. — 2nd Day. Via, Zagord,
the Valley of the Muses, and Helikon to Palaeo-Panagid or Eremokastro
(Thespiae), 9-10 hrs. For a visit to Helikon a guide should be taken from
Zagora or Palseo-Panagia, as the ordinary agogiats do not know the district.
— 3rd Day. From Eremokastro to Parapoiingia-Leuktra (1 hr.). From
Leuktra to Plataea I1/2 hr., thence to Thebes 2 hrs.
Livadid, see p. 180. We follow the steep path up the slopes of
the ancient Laphystion, now called Hill of Granitsa, the summit of
which attains a height of 2940 ft. In IV2 hr\ we pass the deserted
village of Granitsa and the empty convent of Hagios Georgios. We
then descend the E. side of the mountain with a view of the Kopais
plain, passing the insignificant ruins of the village of Lestes, into
the valley of Koroneia (p. 180), where we reach (1 •/* hr.) the pleasant
little village of Hagios Georgios (p. 180).
The* Chapel of the Hagii Taxiarehi Ponsa, lying beside a spring higher
up in the valley of the generally dry streamlet of Hagios Georgios, is, like
the Panagia Gorgopiko at Athens (p. 63), almost entirely constructed of
ancient blocks and inscribed stones (mainly from tombs). Other ancient
fragments lie on the slope above the brook, under the large holm-oaks.
Farther on, to the left, is the high-lying and well-watered village of Kiviri,
situated among trees, above which, to the 8., lies the Pass of KoWkoura,
between the Karamoutzi, on the E., and the Palseovouna (p. 160), on the
W., two spurs of Helikon. The path across the Koukoura Pass leads via,
Steveniko, l'/i hr. above Hagios Georgios and about 2 hrs. from the
summit of the pass (3165 ft.). The descent is made via. (II/2 hr.) Kakdsi
and O/2 hr.) Dombraena, two villages separated by a rocky hill, on the
W. side of which are the ruins of the ancient town of Thisbe, dating
chiefly from the time of Alexander the Great. — About l'/4 hr. to the W.
of Thisbe, also at the foot of the Palseovouna, is the village of Chosid,
and 3/i hr. farther on is the convent of Hagios Taxiarchis, situated at the
upper end of the valley which leads to the harbour of Saranti. On the
low mountain-saddle before the convent lie some ancient tombs and the
ruins of the citadel of the ancient Chorsia.
From Dombreena a road leads S. to (lJ/4 hr.) the bay of the same name,
and N.E. to Thespise and (6 hrs.) Thebes. About I1/4 hr. from Dombraena
Baedekeb's Greece. 4th TSfctif. 11