160 Route 6. PANOPEUS.
mosaics (Christos Pantokrator and five archangels in the main vault,
Descent of the Holy Ghost in the dome over the choir), etc. Tbe frescoes
in the principal dome date from a restoration in the 16th cent.; in the 8.
pediment is a Byzantine relief (two lions and a tree). — Feom Hosios
Loukas to Livadia, 5V4 hrs., by an interesting route. The path ascends
to the E. to (l3/t M.) a spring, then to the N. to (1 hr.) a Chapel of Hag.
Elias and along the (3/t hr.) N. edge of the Palaeovouna (p. 1G1), the W.
portion of Helikon. On the slope to the left lie the summer and winter
villages of Sourp. We now rapidly descend, traverse a plateau, and pass
near the Herkyna, not far from the citadel of (l3/i hr.) Livadia (p. 160).
The direct route from the Stem' to Livadia (E.; 3-372 hrs.)
traverses the lonely valley of Korakdlitho, the ancient ruins in
which are perhaps those of Trachis. Most travellers, however, make
a detour by Hagios Vlasis, so as to visit the battle-field of Chae¬
ronea. The path descends along the left bank of the valley of the
Platania, a tributary of the Kephisos, and passes the ruined village
of Bardana, near some mural remains in which archaeologists recog¬
nize the Phokikon, or assembly - house of the Phocians. About
1 l/i hr. from the Stem', where the mountains on the right recede,
the road forks. The left branch, from which the road to the village
of Davlia (p. 159; an ascent of 40 min.) soon diverges to the left,
leads to the railway-station of Davlia (ca. 1 hr.; p. 195), while the
right branch, which we follow, crosses the Platania, skirts the
mountains to the N.E., and in 40 min. reaches the village oi Hagios
Vlasis, lying beneath the N. slope of the Acropolis of Panopeus.
Panopeus or Phanoteus, which is said to have derived its name from
its commanding situation, was, according to the legend, the abode of the
Phlegyse, whose wild leader Phorbas was defeated at fisticuffs by Apollo.
In Homer Panopeus is the home of Epeios, who made the wooden horse,
and the seat of Schedios, the Phocian king. The position of the town,
which was strongly fortified, gave it considerable importance; and within
historical times it was repeatedly destroyed, notably in the Persian war of
480B.C, in the Phocian war of 346 B.C., and by the Romans in 198 and 86 B.C.
The fortifications on the Acropolis (20 min.) probably date for
the most part from the period shortly after the Phocian war; at all
events in construction they resemble other erections of that time,
with their horizontal courses of masonry. The best preserved por¬
tions are the S. wall and part of the N. wall near the N.W. angle;
23 paces to the S. of the angle is the main entrance (10 ft. wide).
The Acropolis is connected by a slight depression with a small range
of hills, which reaches a height of over 1640 ft. in the Dontia Cliffs.
The broad but generally dry bed of the Morios is crossed about
1fe M. beyond Hagios Vlasis. In about ife hr. more we reach the
small village of Kdpraena (see p. 194), at the E. foot of the Acro¬
polis of Chaeronea. Immediately below runs the highroad from
Lamia to Livadia; the railway-station of Chaeronea (p. 194) lies
l1/* M. to the N.E., near the Kephisos.
From Kaprsena direct to Orchomenos, see p. 193; to Drachmani and
Thermopylae, see p. 199.
About 5 min. beyond Kapraena the Highroad to Livadia passes
the colossal Lion of Chaeronea (p. 194). The bridle-path, which