SCHISTE. 6. Route. 159
tall and slender and the women are pretty; their speech is a com¬
paratively pure Greek dialect. The brightly coloured carpets woven
here are well known. In J 826 Karaiskakis annihilated 1500 Turks
here and formed a pyramid of their heads. The ancient Anemoreia
is usually believed to have been near Arachova (no ruins).
About 1/i hr. farther we have a pretty retrospect of Arachova
just before it disappears from view. The route skirts the S. slope
of Parnassos, passing two mills and traversing vineyards and sev¬
eral gorges, before it reaches the top of the pass (2500 ft.) and the
khan of Hagios Athanasios (l^fe nr- from Arachova). In 20 min.
more we reach the khan of Zemend (2185 ft.) beside a spring under a
plane-tree. We then descend the left side of a bare and rocky valley
to the (20 min.) Staorodrdmi tou Mega, so named after the brave
Johannes Megas, who met his death here in 1856 in exterminating
a band of brigands with a small troop of soldiers. His monument,
on a projecting rock, bears a few verses in modern Greek. A frag¬
ment of the ancient road was traced on the right side of the valley
by M. Sotiriadis in 1907. At the Stavrodromi this ancient road met
those from Daulis and Chaeronea and from Ambrysos (Distomo, see
below); and the spot (or, according to others, the Stem, see below)
was known in antiquity as Triodos or Schiste (i.e. -rj o^tar?] 606?,
the divided road), and was believed to be the place where Gidipos
killed his father Laios.
To this day the direct bridle-path leading across the hill to (2 hrs.)
Davlia diverges to the left here. The pleasant village (plain accommod¬
ation obtainable, comp. p. 158), with 1750 inhab., occupies a shady and
well-watered situation on the slope of a hill above the Platania valley.
To the S. beyond a stream rises the acropolis of Daulis, the enceinte
of which, though interrupted at places, may still be completely traced.
The interesting gateway lies at the end of a picturesque rocky path, on
the W. side of the hill, where it is connected with a spur of Parnassos.
It was formerly flanked by two towers; the present one to the right,
however, dates only from the middle ages. With Daulis is connected the
story ofTereus, Philomela, and Prokne. In historical times Daulis shared
the fortunes of Panopeus (see p. 160).
From Davlia down to the Platania and thence to the left to the
railway station (p. 195), l'/z hr., comp. p. 160; straight on to Hagios
Vlasis, 1 hr. 20 min., comp. p. 160; via. Neochori to Velitsa (p. 195),
l'/2-2 hrs. — To the Jerusalem Convent (ascent of Parnassos), see p. 158.
About 20 min. farther is another cross-roads (Stem; 1390 ft.),
where the roads from Chaeronea and Daulis, from Distomo (see
below), and from Delphi cross each other.
Distomo, a village of some size (1300 inhab.), l'/4 hr. to the S. of the
Steni, lies in the municipal domain of the ancient Ambrysos, which at¬
tained importance only at a comparatively late date and was captured by
the Romans in 189 B.C. — On the Bay of Corinth, l»/i hr. to the S., is the
steamboat-station of Antikyra (p. 138).
About l'/i hr. to the S. of the Stem', and reached without passing
Distomo, is the Afbanian hamlet of Sliris, with the remains of the ancient
town of the same name (on the spot known as Palffioehora, 20 min. to
the S.E. of Hosios Loukas). About 1 hr. to the E. is the large and hos¬
pitable convent of Hosios Loukas, with two churches, the larger of which,
in the style of St. Sophia at Constantinople, is built above the tomb of
St.. Loukas Stirites, who died here in 946, and contains a few well-preserved