156 Route 5. PARNASSOS.
front. At the other end is a chariot, turned to the right, from which another
female form is descending. Between these scenes is an unfortunate hiatus.
The only figure preserved is that of a man, shouldering a staff, advancing
behind Athena; the suggested identification as Hercules is doubtful. Un¬
fortunately no explanation of the subject of this frieze, which decorated the
principal front of the building, can be given.
On the other part of the entrance-wall: 6. Pediment from the
Treasury of Knidos. The subject is the contest of Apollo and Her¬
cules for the tripod. Athena, occupying the centre of the pediment,
endeavours to separate the striving deities, while another goddess
(probably Artemis) endeavours to restrain Apollo. The other gods
seem to pay no attention to the proceedings.
This pediment, which is formed of three large blocks, is remarkably
interesting from a technical point of view. The separate figures are as fully
and completely sculptured as possible, but in order to secure their safety
and stability, the marble behind the figures has not been so freely cut in
the lower half of the pediment. Thus the figures appear in their upper
halves as sculptures entirely in the round, while in their lower halves they
Facing the entrance to the room: o. Colossal archaic Sphinx of
the Naxians (p. 145), in marble. Adjacent: p. Reproduction of the
same, on a (shortened) Ionic column, which was discovered along
with the sphinx. — Beside the reproduction: q. Remains and recon¬
struction of a small Tripod; k. *Head of a Caryatid, from the Knidian
treasury. The latter (like the head I, see below) bears a tall headdress,
embellished with a relief upon which the capital rests. — To the left
of the treasury-facade: m, n. Fragments of drapery; I. Head of one
of the Smaller Caryatides of the Siphnian Treasury (p. 144).
The ascent of the famous Parnassos, which well repays the exertion,
may be accomplished from Delphi in 7'/2 hrs. (or including a visit to the
Korykian Grotto 8V2 hrs.). From Arachova (p. 158) it takes 53,4 hrs.; this
route is specially recommended for the descent. As the view is best early
in the morning, it is advisable to devote two days to the ascent, the
night being spent at the ruined huts about 2 hrs. below the top.
Warm coverings for the night must be taken, as well as an abundant
supply of provisions and even water for the latter part of the ascent, as
there are no springs on the upper part of the mountain; the guides have
also to be provided for. In other respects the ascent, in fine weather, is
comparatively easy, and it is possible to ride almost to the summit (horse,
ordered through the landlord at Kastri, about 7 dr. for the day; blankets
and provisions for the same amount; pack-horse extra). The expedition is
best made in July; before June, there is too much snow on the ground and
after July the days favourable for the view become fewer. It is important
to ascertain beforehand that the guide is really acquainted with the way
and is prepared to cross snow if necessary.
Fkom Delphi a steep winding path (Kake Skala), beginning near
the stadion, ascends in 1 hr. to a ridge (2970 ft.) where the walking
is easier. Farther on we traverse a flat eminence and descend slightly
to the Livddi, an upland plain shaded by beautiful pinewoods,
belonging to Arachova. Above this plateau lies the stalactite cave
of Sarantdvli or Sardvli (4660 ft.; 3 hrs. from Delphi; ifehr. from
the halting-place at the foot of the mountain), the Korykian Grotto