148 Route 5. DELPHI. Sacred Precinct.
had a roof. Upon the base stood nine marble statues, most of which
have been discovered (p. 153); each of these, except the one on the
extreme right, was provided with an explanatory inscription or a
name. These statues represented (from right to left, omitting the
nameless figure) Aknonios, his three sons Agias, Telemachos, and
Agelaos, then Daochos (son of Agias), Sisyphos (son of Daochos),
and the younger Daochos (son of Sisyphos), founder of this monu¬
ment, who was Hieromnemon in 338-334 B.C. The last statue on the
left, that of Sisyphos, son of the younger Daochos, is obviously a
later addition, as was also the unnamed figure on the extreme right
(perhaps Aparos, father of Aknonios ?).
To the right of the peribolos mentioned on p. 147 lies a Doric
Colonnade of a later period, intersecting the boundary-wall of the
sacred precinct. In the Roman period this was strengthened and en¬
closed with strong brick walls and converted into a reservoir (100 ft.
long, 33 ft. broad, and 16 ft. deep).
Farther up the hill, near the N.E. angle of the sacred precinct,
lie the scanty remains of the Lesche of the Knidians, more con¬
veniently reached from the theatre. In the E. half of the oblong
structure we observe four stone supports for wooden posts, of which
therefore there must have been originally eight in all. The lower
part of the wall consists of two regular courses of poros stone and
breccia, while the upper part seems to have been of sun-dried bricks.
The entrance and the windows, if there were any, can only have been
on the S. side. In the interior the rear-wall and end-walls were oc¬
cupied by the paintings of Polygnotos, of which a detailed description
is given by Pausanias (on the right, the Destruction of Troy, on the
left, Hades). Faint traces of painted stucco ornamentation may still
Near the N.W. exit from the temple-terrace are several other
buildings. Here, adjoining the W. boundary-wall, are two chambers
in Roman brick-work, in the more N. of which was found the statue
of Antinow (p. 153).
A broad Flight of Steps, ascending hence to the N., is the chief
approach to the theatre. On its E. side stands a chamber of excellent
masonry, open towards the temple-platform. This enshrined the
Lion-Hunt of Alexander the Great, a group carved by Lysippos and
Leochares and dedicated by Krateros. The votive-inscription appears
in the centre of the rear-wall, towards the top. At a later period,
apparently after the removal of the sculptures, the chamber was altered
so as to form three enclosed rooms. On the E. it abuts on the strong
wall mentioned on p. 147. Behind are a number of blocks of rock
due probably to the earthquake, and here, among other votive gifts,
was found the bronze statue of a charioteer (p. 151) from the Votive
Offering of Polyzalos.
The Theatre occupies the N.W. angle of the sacred precinct. It
is, on the whole, in good preservation, except the stage, of which