144 Route 5.
Knidos). We now reach the lofty substructure of the Treasury of
Knidos ('.'), the most magnificent of all the treasuries at Delphi,
which was built in the latter half of the 6th cent., of island marble
of various degrees of fineness. The entrance was on the W. side,
beside a small court surrounded by a wall. Fragments of the
richly decorated architectural members may be seen lying within
the building, but the sculptured decorations and the finest pieces
of the architecture are in the museum (pp. 155, 156). — Accord¬
ing to Pomtow this building is the treasury of Siphnos, which Pau¬
sanias mentions immediately after the above-noted Knidian votive
offerings, and the scanty traces of foundations hitherto known as
the Treasury of Siphnos, immediately to the W., probably supported
an altar or a basis only. Remains of its ornamentation, which cor¬
responded on the whole with that of the Knidian treasury, though
on a slightly smaller scale, were found beneath the ruins of the
latter. Fragments of two still smaller and more archaic Caryatides
(p. 156) also were discovered here. — The long substructure ex¬
tending W. from this point, which is regarded as the Treasury of
Thebes, is only a pedestal (for the votive offering of the Liparaeans).
— According to Pomtow's theory, the real Treasury of Knidos must
be recognized in the building opposite, on the right side of the path.
Hitherto this latter treasury has been described as the Treasury of
the Megarians, from the decrees inscribed upon it.
To the W. is another Treasury, with considerable foundations, of which
only the S. half is preserved. That this was an important structure is
evident from its prominent situation; to secure this the sacred street, which
originally ran farther to the W. and returned at an acute angle, seems to
have been cut short and Reflected steeply to the N. The name of the build¬
ing is, however, unknown (though it is labelled Tresor de Thebes); as are
also those of the row of other treasuries, facing theE., which extends up
the hill from this point.
As we ascend the street to the N. from the Knidian treasury, we
first come upon the Treasury of the Athenians, which has been re-
erected, on the existing substructures, out of the fragments of the
building, of which four-fifths were recovered. It is a Doric temple
in antis, of Parian marble, with thirty sculptured metopes (repre¬
sented here by casts; originals in the museum, p. 152). The entrance
is oit the E. side, in front of which lies a small triangular space. There
is a similar space on the S. side. According to Pausanias this mon¬
ument also was built out of the booty captured at Marathon; and
the battle of Marathon is mentioned in the inscription on the low
parapet that supported captured armour and extended along the S.
wall of the treasury and the adjoining E. wall of the triangular fore¬
court. Although the inscription and the entire parapet were added
later — probably at the time of the re-dedication in the temple of the
golden shields taken among the Persian spoils, about 340 B.C. —
the treasury cannot have been erected later than the Persian wars.
Numerous inscriptions were placed at later periods on its walls, the
most interestine beino: the hvmns mentioned at o. 152.