Precinct. DELPHI 5. Route. 143
regular hewn blocks of breccia and limestone. Incisions in the
wall indicate that a kind of parapet or bench ran round the interior.
The plaster on the walls probably dates from a later use of the
structure as a cistern. This probably represents the Votive Gift of
Lysander, erected by the Spartans in memory of the victory at
jEgospotami (with statues of the Dioscuri, Zeus, Apollo, and Arte¬
mis, Poseidon crowning the victorious Lysander, and various Spartan
warriors), although the upper stones from this last-named mon¬
ument, bearing remains of the inscriptions, are placed together a
little farther on, to the left of the path. Opposite, on the other side
of the path, stood the Votive Gift of the Athenians for the Victory of
Marathon, which included statues, said to be by Phidias, of Athena,
Apollo, Miltiades, and various Attic heroes.
To the left, beyond these, were perhaps a representation of the Trojan
Horse by Antiphanes of Argos (end of the 5th cent.) and the Votive Offering
of the Argives in memory of the victory at CEnoa (middle of the 5th cent.).
The path now passes between two large semicircular edifices,
corresponding to each other and both Votive Offerings from Argos.
The very ruinous older building to the left contained the statues
of the Epigones, the sons of the seven Theban heroes; the archaic
inscription lies on the step in front. The building on the right is
constructed of regular masonry of grey limestone. On the base,
most of which has been preserved, stood statues of Argive Heroes,
illustrating in full detail the pedigree of Hercules from Perseus
and from Danaos. The names, though inscribed in later characters,
are written from right to left, so as to correspond with the chrono¬
logical arrangement of the statues. The inscription of the artist,
Antiphanes, is preserved also. Pausanias records that this mon¬
ument was erected on the occasion of the re-founding of Messene
by Epaminondas (369 B.C.).
Beyond this semicircle are a number of smaller votive offerings:
two quadrangular and one semicircular recess and two oblong bases.
Pausanias mentions that the semicircle of the Epigones, to the left
of the street, was adjoined by a group in bronze by Hageladas,
erected by the Tarentines to commemorate a victory over the Messa-
pians. But of this monument nothing now remains, unless two
basis-stones with traces of bronze figures and fragments of an in¬
scription may be connected with it.
We now reach, opposite a considerable fragment of a polygonal
wall, the remains of the Treasury of Sikyon (5th cent.), a temple¬
like edifice, with its entrance on the E. side.
Built into its foundations are the fragments (columns, squared stones)
of a building of the 6th cent, in poros stone, which was partly circular in
ground-plan. Several archaic limestone reliefs found here (mostly between
the treasury-foundations and the peribolos wall) seem also to have belonged
to this earlier building (comp. p. 154).
This treasury is separated from the next by a space, in which
the votive offerings of the Knidians mentioned by Pausanias prob¬
ably stood (Apollo overcoming'Wfyos, and Triopas, foundeT of