142 Route 5.
375 ft.) flowing past it towards the S. The E. cliff is the ancient
Hyampeia. Its modern name is Phlemboukos; that of the W. cliff
is Rodini. The Sacred Precinct lay in the triangle bounded on the
N.E. by the Rodini, on the W. by the Philomelos ridge (p. 140),
and on the S. by the new carriage-road. The ancient town stretched
to the S. of the road.
An examination of the ruins and a visit to the museum require about
5 hours. Luncheon, which the visitor should bring with him, may be
enjoyed under the plane-trees at the Castalian Fountain, beside the hut
mentioned at \>. 150. — The excavations have brought to light the found¬
ations of most of the buildings and monuments described by Pausanias.
Following his example, we begin our examination at the S.E. angle of
the sacred precinct, where the principal entrance stood in antiquity
(Paus. X, 9, 3).
A footpath diverging to the left from the road, about 3 min. to
the E. of the Jluseum and near a small hut, ascends the steep hill
to the S. portion (the so-called Hellenikd) of the wall encircling the
Sacred Precinct, an irregular quadrangle, about 208 yds. long by
148 yds. broad. To the E. of the S.E. angle of the precinct is a
large paved space, bounded on the N. by a colonnade and by a
number of rooms dating from the Roman period. At the end of
this space opens the wide Main Entrance to the sacred precinct.
Several smaller gates also interrupt the 'peribolos', or encircling wall,
on the E. and W. sides. The character of the masonry of this wall varies
at different places. The Helleniko (see above) is constructed of substantial
and regularly hewn blocks. The wall higher up the hill than the main
entrance is in an earlier style; it is built of irregular blocks, but the
joints of the masonry are adjusted to each other with such delicate accur¬
acy that it presents the appearance of a building embellished in an
archaic, not a primitive style. This style of masonry recurs in the sub¬
structure of the Temple of Apollo and may therefore be assigned to the
6th cent. B.C.
From the main entrance the Sacred Street ascends to the temple,
still retaining most of its pavement, which dates in its present form
from a late restoration. Immediately to the right of the entrance
stands the base of the first votive monument mentioned by Pau¬
sanias, viz. the Brazen Bull executed by Theopropos and erected
by the Corcyraeans in gratitude for an unusually successful fishing-
season. The inscription was on the end facing W. A similar mon¬
ument was erected at the same time at Olympia.
Beyond a small gap we notice two other bases for large mon¬
uments. Close to the right side of the street is a long and narrow
substructure of breccia, surmounted by a course of white marble,
and that again by a course of black marble. This supported a
number of brazen statues, dedicated by the Arcadians in commem¬
oration of a victorious invasion of Laconia (probably in the time
of Epaminondas, though Pausanias seems to refer it to the 6th cent.).
The marks of the feet of the statues, the dedication, and portions
of the artists' inscription, etc. may still be seen.
Behind this base, and exceeding it in length , is a room -like
building, 85 ft. long, open towards the street, and constructed of