62 Route 2. ATHENS. Acropolis Museum.
careful examination not only clearly reveals a variation in in¬
dividual character but also proves that they date from different
periods. The most prominent statue (No. 681), a large marble
figure on a lofty pedestal, is ascribed by the dedicatory inscription
on the plinth to Antenor (p. lxxxiv), the sculptor of the group of
the tyrannicides Harmodios and Aristogeiton, which was carried
off to Persia by Xerxes (see p. 20) and brought back by Alexander
the Great or Antiochos. No. 686, a votive offering of Euthydikos
(p. lxxxv) exhibits a beautifully developed type of head.
VII. Room op the Ephebos (at'Slo'jaa ecprj^oo). In the centre,
under glass: *689. Head of a Youth, distinguished alike for its
beauty and its excellent preservation, and recalling the head of the
Apollo from the W. pediment of the temple of Zeus at Olympia. —
690,691,693,694. Torsos of Nike; 692 (comp. p. lxxxii), 698. Sta¬
tuettes of Youths, apparently commemorating victories; 695. Relief
of Athena, leaning on a spear, with an inscribed stele apparently
standing in front of her; 697, 700. Lifelike fragments of a. Horse
and of a Rider; 701. Antique grotesque Gorgoneion; 702. Tasteful
antique relief of Hermes and Three Women, one of whom holds a
child by the hand. — On the upper part of the walls are Metopes
from the Parthenon (p. 52). Among the few originals is a group
of a Centaur carrying off a woman of the Lapithae. Fragments of
various kinds on stands.
VIII. Parthenon Room (ai'9ouaa nap&Evarvo;). Sculptures from
the Parthenon. Statues of the pediment and reliefs of the frieze,
with casts of those in the British Museum. In the centre of the room
is a reconstruction (by A. Furtwangler) of the various pediment-
groups. To the right of the doorway, on a low platform running
from end to end of the room, are the remains of the E. pediment
(p. 51); the only originals here are two torsos: 880 (in the centre),
Hephaestos, represented as in the act of withdrawing his hand from
the fateful blow inflicted on the head of Zeus; 881 (left), Selene.
On a projection above are the remains of the W. pediment (885.
Torso of Poseidon, in the middle). Among the casts: 881 -f-0«. The
river-god Ilissos, above, Kephisos, to the right of Ilissos, Nike, De¬
meter, and Persephone (?), the three Moirae (Fates). All the sculp¬
tures are much mutilated.
In much better preservation is the **Frieze, of which 22 slabs
and several fragments (in all 84 ft.) are here in the original, though
slightly restored in places. To the right of the entrance, 856. Three
gods, Aphrodite(f), Apollo, and Poseidon, from the E. facade; below,
857. Three Youths with two Sacrificial Cows; farther to the right,
877. Four Women with Gold or Silver Vessels, and 875. Three Men
with Musical Instruments. Below the pediments and on the opposite
side are reliefs from the Procession of Horsemen and Chariots, in¬
cluding: 874. Youth struggling with a rearing horse in a chariot;
871, 872. Helmeted warrior mounting a chariot; 867-869, 861-863