60 Route 2. ATHENS. Acropolis
1338. Base with Pyrrhic Dancers; 1332. Relief of a man holding
vases in his left hand (votive offering of a potter) ; 1333. Long in¬
scription, with a relief, referring to the relations between Athens
and Samos, these towns being represented by Athena and Hera. —
To the left: 1341. Fragments of archaic Teliefs, representing the
Charites (Graces; p. 46), worshipped at the entrance to the citadel;
*1342. Relief of a Woman mounting a Chariot (more probably the
male winner in a chariot-race); 1347. Colossal owl, in marble.
From the vestibule visitors are shown by the attendants into the
room on the left, beyond which the other rooms are so arranged as
to illustrate the gradual development of art from its earliest stages
to its zenith.
I. Room op the Bull (ai'Soocra -:a'ipoo). Straight in front:
*3. Group of two lions (scanty remains) attacking a Bull, in poros
stone (6th cent.; p.lxxxiii); above, in a frame, *1. Archaic pediment)
representing Hercules fighting with the Lernean Hydra, with Iolaos.:'
as his charioteer (in the left corner is a large crab), with numerous*
traces of the original colouring (6th cent.). On the wall to the right,
corresponding to this pediment, 2. Fragment of another pediment
with Hercules fighting with Triton (6th cent). Both these pediments
are of poros stone. In front of the other walls and in a case are
other fragments in the same material: by the window-wall, Frag¬
ment of a bull overthrown by a lioness: on the left, 9. Bearded god
(Zeus?) enthroned, on the right, 10. Goddess (Athena?) enthroned,
both from the central group of a pediment removed from the orig¬
inal Hekatompedon (p. 58; comp. Room II). In the case are remains
of the under surface of the moulding that projected above the roof
of the temple, adorned with figures of flying eagles and sea-gulls.
The flat case in front of No. 3 contains spindle-whorls, weights
used in weaving, terracotta fragments, images, etc.
II. Room of the Triple-bodied Monster (at'oouaaTpiau)[i.aTO'.j
T^paxoj). Beside the door to Room III: *36. Hercules seizing\
Triton (from the left half of the other pediment of the Hekatom-i
pedon, see above). Opposite, *35. Monster, usually named Typhori,
with three human heads and three bodies terminating in serpents'
coils; outspread wings spring from the shoulders. This is appar¬
ently the right half of one of the pediments, and may represent
either a storm-god hurrying to the scene of combat between Her¬
cules and the Triton, or the Attic wind-god Tritopatores forming
part of a group with Athena and Zeus (see above), the sacred
serpents of the Acropolis, and (probably) Hermes. No. 40. Remains
of two serpents of different sizes, supposed to be those sacred to
Athena, belonged to one of the pediments also. All these are of
poros stone, and show abundant traces of painting (comp. the water-
colour on the wall). The architecture of the temple has been recon¬
structed in section in the museum-annexe (p. 59).
III. Room op the Images (cuSoosa eiouiXiurv). On the entrance-