46 Route 2. ATHENS. Acropolis.
ahled to appreciate the just enthusiasm of Aristophanes, when he
j 'Oh thou, our Athens, violet-wreathed, brilliant,
\ most enviable city!'
From the central entrance of the Propylaea a wide and smooth
roadway, provided with grooves to afford a better foothold, ascends
along the main axis of the citadel. The rock has evidently been
much cut away here to facilitate the ascent, as may be proved by a
glance at the rocky terrace to the right, which has a precipitous
face 6 ft. in height. The ancient roads were flanked with innumer¬
able votive offerings and statues, the position of which is now indi¬
cated by square depressions (sockets) in the rock or by overturned
bases. The former are especially numerous in the space between
the road and the terrace of rock. Pausanias has described a great
number of the statues and reliefs that adorned the Acropolis.
Among those in the Propylaea were three draped Graces, which he
ascribes to Socrates, the philosopher, and a figure of Hermeq
Propylaeos. In the same connection Pausanias describes a brazen\
Lioness without a tongue, traditionally said to be a symbolical re-)
presentation of Leaena, the mistress of Aristogeiton, who even when
put to the torture refused to confess her knowledge of the tyranni¬
cide/ By the S. column of the E. colonnade of the Propylsea is the
pedestal of a statue of Athena Hygieia (Athena as the goddess of
health), which, according to the inscription, was an offering of the
Athenians and was executed by Pyrrhos. A few paces to the E. is
the site of an altar, 8V2 ft. squaie, with two corner-slabs of the altar
from the precinct of Hygieia. Among the other works of art in
this vicinity were the Boy with a bowl of holy water by Lykios, and
Perseus in conflict with Medusa by Myron.
The above-mentioned terrace of rock on the right, to which,
farther on, nine steps cut in the rock ascend, bore the sanctuary of
Artemis Brauronia (comp. p. 121), a deity held in high honour by
the Athenian matrons and maidens. The later cult-statue of the
goddess was a work of Praxiteles, and may possibly have stood in
one of the two contiguous buildings, the foundations of which may
be observed in the S.E. angle. Among the numerous votive offerings
near the Brauronion Pausanias mentions a bronze representation of
the Trojan Horse, by Strongylion. Two marble plinths, 10 ft. in
length, in the W. part of this enclosure, bear inscriptions which
prove them to be parts of the pedestal of this work. Among other
works which once stood here were groups of Athena and Marsyas
and Theseus overcoming the Minotaur. The terrace is now covered
with numerous fragments of the entablature and ceiling of the
Propylaea, some of the latter still showing traces of blue paint.
The area is bounded' on the W. by a fragment of a broad wall,
originally a portion of the Pelasgic fortifications (p. 39).