44 Route 2. ATHENS. Acropolis.
posing structure consists of three parts — a central gateway with
wings on the N. and S. The gateway proper consists of a wall
pierced with five openings, before which on either side lie the
Doric colonnades that give name to the whole (Ilpo-'jXata, that
which lies before the rajXoti, or gates). Each of these colonnades has
six columns in front and was surmounted by a frieze of triglyphs
and metopes, crowned by a pediment. The pediments were prob¬
ably destitute of sculpture, as Wheler and Spon (p. 53) saw them
in this condition in 1675.
The Outer W. Portico, to which we ascend by means of three
huge steps of marble and dark-blue Eleusinian stone, 12-13 in. in
height and 16 in. in width, is 59!/2 ft- wide and 53 ft. deep. Its
six anterior columns belong to the Doric order and consequently
rise directly from the stylobate, without bases; they are 29 ft. in
height, of which 2 ft. 3 in. are occupied by the capital, and vary in
diameter from 5 ft. 3 in. at the bottom to 3 ft. 11 in. where they
join the capital. The flutes, separated by sharp edges, are 20 in
number on each column. The space between the two central col¬
umns is 12 ft. 7 in. while the other intercolumniations vary from
5 ft. lO1/^ in. to 6 ft. 7 in. Behind each of the central columns
and flanking the main passage stand three slender Ionic columns
with their appropriate bases. When complete these columns were
33 ft. 7 in. high, the capital measuring 2 ft. 3'/2 i'1-, and the base
1 ft. 51/2 in.; the shafts, 3 ft. 41/g in. in diameter at the base and
2 ft. lO1^ in. at the top, have 24 flutes, separated by narrow fillets.
The ceiling was divided into sunk panels adorned with painting.
None of the Ionic capitals are now in their places, but fragments of
them are scattered around and show traces of painting. Other Ionic relics of
great beauty are lying near, and some of the square compartments or coffers
of the roof, adorned with gilt stars on a bine ground, are preserved also.
The central part of the Propylaea was bounded on the N. and
S. by massive walls, 54 ft. long, ending on both sides in co¬
lossal antae. Between these, at a distance of about 8 ft. from the
innermost of the Ionic columns, stretoh.es from side to side the
Gateway proper, consisting, as above remarked, of a wall with five
openings. The side-entrances are approached by five steps about
1 ft. high, of which the first four are of marble and the upper¬
most of black Eleusinian. stone; the centraL gateway, through
which the main roadway passes, has no steps. The central opening
is 24 ft. 2 in. high and 13 ft. 8 in. wide at the bottom; the two
openings next it are 17 ft. 8 in. high and 9'/2 ft- wide; while the
two outer portals are only 11 ft. 3 in. high and 4 ft. 9 in. wide. These
entrances must all have been closed by massive gates, the grating
noise of which in opening is alluded to by Aristophanes.
The E. Portico is of the same width as the W. portico but only
24 ft. deep. Of its Doric columns (261/2 ft. in height) five still bear
their capitals and two are still united by one of the huge blocks of
stone forming the architrave.