to Spliigen. ANDEER. 94. Route. 345
Excursions. 'Piz Beverin (9843'; 6-7 hrs.; guide 7, horse to the Obrist-
alp 12 fr.), a superb point of view, but trying. Bridle-path by Donath
and Mathon to the (3V2-4 hrs.) Obrist Alp (7172'); thence to the top 2'/2 hrs.
more. Or from Thusis direct, by Glas or by Saissa and Vioms, in 7-8 hrs.
(guide 10 fr.). — Piz Curver (9760'; 6 hrs.; 6 fr.), from Zillis or Pignieu,
also interesting and for experts not difficult. The descent may be made
to the chapel of Ziteil and Schweiningen (p. 355).
On the hill to the right, on the left bank of the Rhine, above
the village of Donath, and overshadowed by the Piz Beverin, stands
the ruined castle of Fardiin, or La Turr (3819'), once the seat of
the governors of the valley. About the middle of the 15th cent.
the brutality of one of these officials, like that of Oessler 150 years
earlier, is said to have given rise to the emancipation of this
district from their sway. Entering the cottage of a peasant whom
he disliked, the tyrant spat into the boiling broth prepared for
dinner. The peasant, Johann Caldar, seized him by the throat,
plunged his head into the scalding liquid, exclaiming, 'Malgia sez
il pult cha ti has condiit' ('Eat the soup thou hast seasoned'), and
strangled him. This was the signal for a general rising.
Near the Baths of Pignieu (the waters of which , containing
iron and alkali, are conducted to Andeer, and there used for baths),
which have been successively destroyed by inundation and by fire,
the Pignieu descending from the Piz Curver (see above) is crossed
by a bridge, the last completed on this route, and bearing the in¬
scription on the E. parapet: 'Jam via patet hostibus et amicis.
Cavete, Rhaeti! simplicitas morum et unio servabunt avitam li-
bertatem'. On the left bank of the Rhine are the village of Clugin
and the square tower of the ruin of Cagliatscha. Then (2^2 M) —
23i/2M. Andeer (3212'; pop. 603; *Krone, or Hotel Fravi, with
baths), the principal village in the valley. Fine view from the
loftily situated church (erected in 1673).
Excursions. Piz Vizan (8110'; 4'/2hrs.; with guide), by the Burgias
Alp; splendid view. — Piz la Tschera (8615'; 5 hrs.), by Alp Albin, also
interesting. — Piz Beverin and Piz Curver, see above.
From Andeer toStalla (11 hrs.; guide unnecessary), an attractive walk.
The path quits the Spliigen road 2 M. above Andeer and enters the wild
Ferrera Valley to the left, leading first on the left, and then on the right
bank of the Averser-Rhein, which forms several fine waterfalls. On the left
Piz Grisch (10,000'), on the right the Surettahom (9926'). We pass (40min.)
a deserted silver-foundry and reach C/2 hr.) Ausser-Ferrera (4334'; Inn),
where the valley expands slightly. (Over the Fianell Pass to Schweiningen,
see p. 355.) We then follow the right bank to (I72 hr.) Inner-Ferrera, or
Caniciil (4856'; rustic inn), at the mouth of the Val d'Emet (see below).
Descending hence, we cross the Rhine and ascend its steep left bank
(20 min.). The path skirts the slope, passing through wood; after 25 min.
it rounds a projecting rock (view of the Surettahorn, etc., behind us), and
then again descends to the river, which is augmented here by the torrents
from the Val Starlera on the left and the Valle di Lei on the right. The
narrow path crosses (25 min.) the latter. (By the bridge is the frontier-
stone of Italy, to which the Val di Lei belongs.) The path ascends
rapidly, and then immediately descends. Near (1 hr.) Campsut (5500') it
crosses the Rhine, and beyond 0/4 hr.) Crot, another poor village, recrosses
it. Beyond the bridge (view, to the right, of the Madris Valley, with the
Piz Gallegione and the Cima di Lago at its head) the path ascends steep
pastures to the left, :ind at the top of the hill traverses a beautiful wood