334 Route 92. LDGNETZ VALLEY. From Coire
*H6t. Rhatia on the right bank, by the bridge; *Lukmanier, on the
left bank; above it, Krone, plain ; one-horse carr. to Disentis 20 fr.
and fee), mentioned in a charter of the 8th cent, as the 'first town
on the Rhine', built on both sides of the river, was the capital of
the 'Gray League' (p. 321). The upper part contains narrow streets,
and old-fashioned houses adorned with armorial bearings. The po¬
pulation is partly German, partly Romanic; the latter tongue alone
is spoken higher up the valley. Ilanz is beautifully situated, over¬
looking the Rhine Valley in both directions, and the broad Lugnetz
Valley to the S.
The views are still finer from the old Church of St. Martin (2569'),
V« hr. to the S., on the left slope of the Lugnetz Valley, and from the
chapel of the pretty village of Luvis (3281'), l/2 hr. higher. A most superb
prospect of the Grisons Oberland, and especially of the Todi chain to the N.,
immediately opposite, and of the Rhine Valley down to Zizers (p. 323),
is commanded by the "Piz Mundaun or Piz Grond (6775'). This peak rises
to the S.W. of Ilanz in wooded slopes, above which are pastures extending
nearly to the top. The path (4 hrs.; guide, not indispensable, 5 fr.)
leads by Luvis (see above), ascends on the S.E. side of the wood, crosses
a flat basin obliquely towards the left, and mounts the pastures to the
conspicuous (2'/2 hrs.) Inn (closed and falling to decay). Then in the
same direction, through a depression in the mountain, to the crest, which
we ascend to the W. to the top in 1 hr. more. The mediaeval chapel of
S. Carlo remains to the left. Those who intend visiting the Lugnctzthal
(see below) may descend direct to Villa (p. 341; thence to the top 2 hrs.,
best way to reach it, guide 3 fr.), or by Morissen (4420'; wine at the curd's)
to (2 hrs.) Cumbels (see below). — Travellers bound for Disentis, instead
of returning to Ilanz, may follow a beautiful path through the district of
Obersaxen, the chief village of which is Maierhof, and reach Truns (sec
below) in 3 hrs. — Those who ascend the Piz Mundaun from Truns di¬
verge from the road about 3 M. below the village, by the telegraph-post
No. 222, to the right, and ascend by a good path, at first through wood.
Farther on it overlooks the Rhine Valley and passes the rnin of Axen-
stein, always bearing to the E. After 2 hrs., beyond the chapel of St.
Valentin, by a crucifix on this side of a ravine, we descend to the left
into the valley and reach ('/2 hr.) Maierhof (4272'; "Mirrer, rustic). Then
up sunny pastures to the top of the Piz Mundaun in 2'/2 hrs. more.
The Lugnetz Valley, watered by the Glenner, 15 M. in length (pop.
Rom. Oath*, and Romanic), is one of the finest in the Grisons. Road to
Vals-Platz (14 M.; diligence from Ilanz daily in 4 hrs. 20 min.; fare 3 fr.
30c.) on the left bank, past the ruin of Kastelberg and through the (3 M.)
Frauenthor, Rom. Porclas (3336'), once the key to the upper valley. On
the opposite bank of the Glenner, high above the Rieiner Tobel, lies the
village of Riein, and beyond it are Pilasch and Duvin. Beyond (3/t M.) the
chapel of St. Moritz (3504') the road divides: that to the right ascends to
Villa and Vrin (see below); that to the left descends to the village of Peiden
and the (l'/« M.) sequestered Peidner Bad (269C), on the right bank of the
Glenner, at the mouth of the Duviner Tobel (a haunt of the chamois), with
three chalybeate springs. Then (li/2 M.) Furih (2979'; '"Schmid's Inn; Piz
Mundaun), at the confluence of the Vriner and Valser Rhein, which are
separated by the Piz Aul (10,250'). Opposite lies the picturesque Oberkastels
(3274'). We now ascend the wild Valser Thai, or St. Petersthal, by St.
Martin, Lunschania, and Campo to (71/4 M.) Vals-Platz (4094'; "Hdtel Piz
Aul; "Pens. Albin, both plain), or St. Peter, from which a well-trodden
bridle-path leads through the Peiler Thai, a side-valley to the S.E., to
the Vallatsch Alp (6178'), the Valser Berg (8225'), and (5 hrs.) Nufenen or
Hinterrhein (p. 349). The *Weissensteinhorn or Piz Tomill (9675'; 4 hrs.;
guide 7fr.), ascended from Vals-Platz, is an admirable point of view; ano¬
ther is the Bdrenhorn (962C; 4 hrs., with guide); from both we may descend