upwards of 1000 offices; those in the large towns are open from
6 or 7 a.m. till 11 or 10 p.m. according to the season. The tariff
for a telegram within Switzerland is 30 c, together with 2'/2c
for each word; to Germany 50 c, and 12^2 c. for each word;
to England 40 c. for each word; to France 8 c. for each word for
telegrams to the frontier, or 12 c. for each word for greater distances.
The rates for other foreign telegrams may be ascertained at the
offices. For telegrams handed in at railway-stations an additional
charge of 50 c. is made.
Telegrams may be handed in at any post-office, from which, if
not itself a telegraph office, they are transmitted without delay to
the nearest. In such cases the fee for the telegram is paid by af¬
fixing a stamp of the requisite value (^fatT. or upwards, according
to the number of words).
The Carriages in German Switzerland are constructed on the
American plan, generally holding 72 passengers, and furnished
at each end with steps of easy access. Through each carriage, and
indeed through the whole train, runs a passage, on each side of
which the seats are disposed. This arrangement enables the trav¬
eller to change his seat at pleasure, and to see the scenery to ad¬
vantage, unless the carriage is very full. Tickets are examined and
collected in the carriages.
The carriages in French Switzerland are of the ordinary con¬
struction. Passengers' tickets are checked as they leave the waiting-
Toom before starting, and given up at the 'Sortie' on their arrival.
Luggage must be booked and paid for after the traveller has
obtained his own ticket, but small portmanteaus and travelling-bags
may generally be taken into the carriage without objection. Trav¬
ellers with through-tickets from the German to the Swiss railways,
or vice versa, should see that their luggage is safe on reaching the
frontier (Bale, Geneva, Neuchatel, Friedrichshafen, Lindau, Ror-
chach, Romanshorn, etc.). Where a frontier has to be crossed,
ordinary luggage should never be sent by goods-train.
Circular Tickets and return-tickets are issued at reduced rates
on most of the Swiss lines, and also by the German and French
railways to Switzerland. Information regarding them will be found
in the time-tables; but they are apt to hamper the traveller's
movements and to deprive him of the independence essential to