IX. DILIGENCES, etc.
beforehand. This may be done by letter, enclosing the fare, and
giving the traveller's name, and the day and hour of departure.
When the diligence is full, 'Beiwagen', or supplementary carriages
are provided. These are often light, open vehicles, preferable
to the lumbering 'Postwagen'. A seat in one of them may gen¬
erally be procured by arrangement with the conductor. As a rule
passengers are consigned to the interieur or to a supplementary
carriage in the order in which they are booked. If therefore the
traveller has failed to secure a coupe or banquette seat by early
application, he will often avoid the interieur by delaying to take
his ticket till the diligence is about to start.
The coupe or banquette fare is on ordinary routes 20 c. per
kilometre (about 32 c. per Engl. M.),on Alpine passes 30 c. perkilom.
(about 48 c. per Engl. M.J; fare in the interieur or cabriolet 15 or
25 c. per kilometre (24 or 40 per Engl. M.). Children of 2-7 years of
age pay half-fare. Each passenger is allowed 33 lbs. of luggage
on ordinary routes, but 22lbs. only on the high Alpine routes.
Overweight is charged for at the ordinary postal tariff. Small articles
may be taken into the carriage, but heavy luggage should be booked
one hour before starting. The average speed of these sedate mail-
coaches of Switzerland is about 0 M. per hour on level ground, and
4 M. per hour on mountains-routes.
Extra-Post. This is the term applied to the Swiss system of
posting, managed by government, private posting being prohibited.
The charge for each horse is 1/'2'r- Per kilometre (SO p.. per M.); for
a carriage with 2-5 seats 20 c. per kiloni. (32 c. per M.), for one
with 6 seats 25 c. per kilom. (40 c. per M.), for one with 7 or
more seats 30c. per kilom. (48c. per M.). Besides these charges,
which include the driver's fee, an additional payment of 2-4fr.
must be made according to the size of the carriage. If the same
vehicle is required lor a journey of several stages, double carriage-
money is exacted. Extra-post may be ordered at the principal post-
offices on the mountain-routes at one hour's notice. The fare must
be paid in advance.
Letters of 15 grammes (about y2 oz.), prepaid, to any part of
Switzerland 10c; if within a radius of 10 kilometres, 5c; to all
countries in the postal union 25 c, and 25 c. for each 15 gr. more.
Registration-fee for Switzerland 20 c, for other countries 25 c. —
Post-cards for Switzerland 5 c, for other countries 10 c. — Printed
matter under 15 gr. for Switzerland 2c, for other countries 5 c.
Post Office Orders within Switzerland must not exceed KKXIfr. for
tin- larger, and fiUOfr. for the smaller towns. The charge tor an order not
exceeding 1(1(1 fr. is 3(1 c, for each additional 1U) t'r. 1(1 c. more. As to
money-orders for foreign countries, which the traveller will probably
seldom require, information may he obtained at all (lit-, principal offices.
The Telegraph System of Switzerland is very complete, the
aggregate length of the wires being at present greater than in any
other country in proportion to the population. There are now