IX. DILIGENCES, etc.
Adult porters are entitled to 75 cent, or 1 fr. an hour, when
not engaged by the day, return included. In every case it is advis¬
able to make a distinct bargain beforehand.
VIII. Carriages and Horses.
Carriages. The ordinary charge for a carriage with one horse is
15-20 fr., with two horses 25-30 fr. per day, and the driver ex¬
pects 1 fr. per horse as a gratuity. In the height of summer the
charges are slightly increased. Like the guides, the 'voiturier'
demands the return-fare to the place where he was engaged, and
the traveller should therefore endeavour to discharge his carriage
as near the home of the driver as possible.
For long journeys it is desirable to have a written agreement,
which the driver usually concludes by depositing a sum with his
employer as earnest-money, afterwards to be added to the account.
The carriage and horses should be inspected before the conclusion
of the bargain. Private posting, or the system of changing horses,
is forbidden by law.
Return-vehicles may sometimes be obtained for 10 to 15 fr. per
day, but the use of them is in some places prohibited.
The average day's journey is 30-40 miles, a halt of 2-3 his.
being made about noon ; and for the return-journey about 36 M.
In mountainous districts 'Rergwagli' or 'ehars-a-banos', for two
persons, may be hired for 12-15fr. per day, fees included.
Horses. A horse or mule costs 10-12fr. per day, and the atten¬
dant expects a gratuity of 1-2 fr. in addition; but in some places,
as at Chamonix, as much is charged for the attendant as for the
animal. If he cannot return home with his horse on the same day.
the following day must be paid for. Walking, however, is prefer¬
able. A prolonged ascent on horseback is fatiguing, and the de¬
scent of a steep hill is disagreeable. Even ladies may easily ascend
some of the finest points of view on foot, but if unequal to the
task they may either ride or engage 'chaises-a-porteurs'.
IX. Diligences, Post Office, Telegraph.
Diligences. The Swiss postal system is well organised. The
diligences are generally well fitted up, the drivers and guards are
respectable, and the fares moderate. These vehicles consist of the
coupe, or first-class compartment in front, with 2-3 seats, the m-
terieur, or second-class compartment at the back, with 4-6 seats,
which affords little or no view, and the banquette (used in summer
only) for 2 passengers on the outside. In some cases there is only
one outside-seat, which is reserved for the conducteur, or guard,
but which will be ceded by him on payment of the difference be¬
tween the ordinary and the coupe fare.
On important routes the coupe is generally engaged several days