II. TRAVELLING EXPENSES. MONEY.
the Engadine and crossing the Reschen-Scheideck (p. 386) and the Slelvio
(R. 104) to the Valtellina. In IWestern Switzerland the Simplon (R. 7S)
is justly a favourite pass, though inferior to several of the above, while
the famous Great St. Bernard (R. 76), apart from its hospice, is undoubt¬
edly the least interesting of the series. Many of the grandest, and also
easiest passes are comprised in the 9th of the above Tours.
Headquarters for Mountaineering-.
The most important are Grindelwald (p. 151), Zermatt (p. 295), Cha¬
monix (p. 240), Courmayeur (p. 257), Macugnaga (p. 302), and Pontresina
(p. 366), at all of which experienced guides abound.
Switzerland can boast of few mineral springs, but 'Luftkurorte'
('air-cure places') and summer pensions abound in every part of the
country. A few of the most important only need be mentioned here.
Mineral Baths. Tarasp, in the Lower Engadine (p. 37(j); St. Morilz,
in the Upper Engadine (p. 363); Ragatz (p. 317); Stachelberg (p. 58);
Weissenburg (p. 177); Lenk (p. 174); Leuk or Lo'eche (p. 170); the saline
baths of Bex and Aigle (pp. 216, 215); St. Gervais (p. 239).
Summer Resorts, see p. xviii.
II. Travelling Expenses. Money.
Expenses. The cost of a tour in Switzerland depends of course
upon the habits and tastes of the traveller. The pedestrian's daily
expenditure, exclusive of guides, may be estimated at 12-15s., if
he frequents the best hotels, or one-third less if he selects the
more modest inns, and avoids the expensive and tedious tables
d'hote. The traveller who prefers driving and riding to walking,
who always goes to the best hotels, and never makes an ascent
without a guide, must be prepared to spend at least twice the above
sum; while the mountaineer's expenses will often amount to several
pounds for a single glacier-expedition.
Money. The Swiss monetary system was assimilated to that of
France in 1851. In silver there are coins of 5, 2, 1, and '/2 Ir-
(Those of 1859-63, with the sitting figure of Helvetia, which have
been called in, and Italian and Papal 1 fr. and !/2 fr. pieces should
be declined). In plated copper 20, 10, and 5 centimes (or 'Rappen'),
and in copper 2 and 1 c. pieces. One franc = 100 c. = (in Ger¬
man money) 80 pfennigs = 93/4o!. French gold is the most con¬
venient coin, and English sovereigns (25 fr.) and banknotes are re¬
ceived almost everywhere at the full value; but the circular notes
of 10J., issued by many of the English banks, are safer for carrying
large sums. German gold and banknotes also realize their full value
(20 marks = 24 fr. 50-60 c).
III. Hotels and Pensions.
Hotels. Switzerland is famous for its hotels. The large modern
establishments at Geneva, Vevey, Zurich, Lucerne, Interlaken, etc.,
are models of organisation; the smaller hotels are often equally well
Baedeker, Switzerland. 11th Edition. b