372 Route 92. MONTE BRE.
Delightful excursion to the *Monte S. Salvatore (2982'), ascent 2 hrs.,
descent l'|2 hr., guide (4 fr.) superfluous, as the path cannot be mistaken;
horse 9 fr., mule 8 fr., incl. fee. About >|2 M. from the Hotel du Parc,
between a detached house and the wall of a garden, a good paved path
diverges to the r. from the road to Como; 2 min. farther, where the road
divides, not to the r., but straight on to the houses; between these the
road ascends, past the handsome and conspicuous (25 min.) Villa Marchino
to (5 min.) the village of Pazzallo, from which Monte Rosa is visible
through a mountain gorge. Here the path diverges to the 1. from the broad
road, through the gateway of the fourth house, and ascends to the 1. by a
path which cannot be mistaken in l'|2 hr. to the Pilgrimage Chapel on the
summit (refreshments at a house near the top, dear). The *view embraces
all the arms of the Lake of Lugano, the mountains and their wooded slopes,
especially those above Lugano, sprinkled with numerous villas. To the E.
above Porlezza is Monte Legnone (p. 387), to the 1. of which, in the
extreme distance, are the snow-peaks of the Bernina; N. above Lugano the
double peak of Monte Camoghe (p. 369), 1. of this the distant mountains
of the St. Gotthard; W. the chain of Monte Rosa, with the Matterhorn and
other Alps of the Valais to the r. This view is seen to the greatest ad¬
vantage in the morning, when Monte Rosa gleams in the sunshine. The
construcion of a carriage-road and of a hotel on the summit is projected.
In descending, the route through Carona (1968') and Melide (p. 369) (some¬
what longer) may be chosen.
A drive round the Monte S. Salvatore (4'|2 hrs.) is strongly recom¬
mended. Proceed by ('|2 hr.) Pambio, where a momument by Vela has
been erected near the church of S. Pietro to Capt. Carloni, who fell at
Somma Campagna in 1848, to (1 hr.) Figino, where the road approaches
the W. arm of the lake. Then skirt the lake, round the Monte Arbostora,
to (3j4 hr.) Morcote, charmingly situated and commanded by a ruined
castle (*view from the top), and to (1 hr.) Melide. Thence to Lugano,
see p. 369. — The churchyard of S. Abbondio, 2 M. to the W. of Pambio
(see above), contains a fine monument of the Toriiani family by Vela.
The ascent (2'|2 hrs.) of * Monte Bre (3100'), N.E. of Lugano, is very easy
and scarcely less interesting than that of Mte. S. Salvatore (a boy should be
engaged as a guide at Bre). A road runs inland towards several mills at the
foot of the mountain. Thence a broad and well-constructed path winds up¬
wards to the r. to the small village of Desago, passing a few groups of houses.
Another route to Desago from the town skirts the lake to the foot of the
mountain, and then ascends from hamlet to hamlet through gardens, etc.
Above Desago the path divides ; both routes are broad, and well-constructed,
leading round the mountain, to the village of Bre (2631') on its farther side
(Inn, bread and wine only). The route to the r., above the lake, is of
surpassing beauty; that to the I. also commands a fine inland view. Near
the church of Bre a narrow forest-path ascends to the summit of the
mountain. This path also divides; the branch to the r. traverses the
highest ridge of the hill, that to the I. leads to a spur of the mountain in
the direction of Lugano. The summit may be attained by either. The
view of the several arms of the Lake of Lugano, especially in the direction
of Porlezza, and the surrounding mountains, is remarkably fine. Lugano
itself is not visible from the summit, but from the above-mentioned spur
a good view of it may be obtained. All these paths are easily traced.
From Lugano to Bre about l'|2 hr. ; from Bre to the summit by the longest
way about 1 hr.
Monte Caprino, opposite Lugano, on the E. bank of the lake, is much fre¬
quented on holidays by the townspeople, many of whom possess wine-cellars
(cantine) in the numerous cool grottoes, by which the side of the mountain
is honeycombed. These receptacles are guarded by numerous huts, which
from a distance present the appearance of a village. Wine of good quality
and icy coolness is sold at some of these cellars ('Asti' recommended).
There is also a bre very here.
Excursion to the ^Grotto of Osleno, see p. 385.