RIVA. 88. Route. 363
charmingly situated on the Maira, at the mouth of the Val Bre-
gaglia (see below). Opposite the post-office are the extensive ruins
of a castle, formerly the property of the De Salis family, and
frequently besieged in ancient times. Picturesque view from the
castle-garden, or 'paradiso' (l/2 fr. gratuity), which extends along
an isolated vine-clad rock.
S. Lorenzo, the principal church, near the post-office, has an
elegant slender clock-tower, or campanile, which rises from an
enclosure surrounded by arcades, formerly the Campo Santo or
burial-ground. Interior uninteresting. Adjacent are two Charnel-
houses, in which the skulls and bones are carefully arranged.
The Battisterio contains a very ancient font, decorated with reliefs.
The road to Coiico at first traverses vineyards ; farther on,
the effects of the inundations of the Maira, and its tributary the
Liro, which joins it below Chiavenna, become apparent. Almost
the entire valley, being enclosed by lofty mountains, is exposed
to these inundations. Near
6 M. Kiva the road reaches the Lago di Riva, or di Mezzola,
so completely shut in by mountains, that, previously to the con¬
struction of the road, the lake had to be crossed by boat. This
piece of water originally formed the N. bay of the Lake of Como,
but the deposits of the Adda have in the course of ages almost
entirely separated the two lakes , which are now connected only
by a narrow channel, recently rendered navigable. The road
skirts the E. bank of the lake, in some places supported by-
embankments and masonry, in others passing through galleries,
and crosses the Adda. Before the junction of this road with that
of the Stelvio (p. 344), the ruins of the castle of Fuentes,
erected by the Spaniards in 1603, and destroyed by the French
in 1796, are seen on the r. It was formerly situated on an
island, and considered the key of the Valtellina. At
9 M. Coiico (722') (lsola Bella; Angela, both in the Italian
style; ^Restaurant on the lake, adjoining the lsola Bella), the
Lake of Como (p. 386) is reached. The Swiss diligence runs
as far as Lecco by the road mentioned at p. 391. Steamers
on the lake, see p. 385.
89. From Chiavenna to Samaden. Maloja.
Comp. Maps, pp. 360, 324.
33i|2 M. Diligence once daily in 83|4 hrs. (12 fr. 70, coupe 14 fr. 30 c).
The Val Bregaglia (Praegallia of the Romans, so named from its po¬
sition 'in front of their province of Cisalpine Gaul), Ger. Bergeller Thai,
opens near Chiavenna, and extends upwards towards the E. as far as the
Maloja. This valley, in most parts narrow, is- watered throughout its entire
length by the Maira, or Mera. The lower part exhibits the luxuriance of
southern vegetation, the upper is Alpine in character. The route from
Chiavenna to the Swiss frontier, between masses of rock clothed with dense
chestnut woods, is strikingly beautiful, and rich in picturesque landscapes,
but its habitations, roads, and bridges are in a lamentable state of dilapida-