360 Route 87. AVERSER THAL.
the village stands the tower of the castle of Gastellatsch; fine
view of the valley from the church (erected in 1673).
From Andeer to Stalla (11 good hrs., the traveller should take
provisions and wine from Andeer, guide unnecessary), an attractive ex¬
pedition. About 2 M. above Andeer the path quits the Splugen road and
enters the wild ^Ferrera Valley to the 1., leading first on the 1., and
afterwards on the r. bank of the Arerser Rhein , which forms several fine
waterfalls. At (l'|< hr.) Ausser-Ferrera (4334') the valley expands slightly;
to the 1. rises the Piz Starlera (10,000'). The path then leads on the r.
bank of the slream, through a grand and wild valley, to (lt|2 hr.) Inner-
Ferrera, or Caniciil (4855') (modest accommodation at the pastor's), at the
mouth of the Val Einet, above which, to the r., peeps the Surettahorn
(p. 361), to the 1. the Piz Miez (9255'). The narrow path here crosses the
Rhine, into a romantic ravine of which, *|2 M. farther, the torrents from
the Val Starlera on the 1. and the Valle di Lei on the r. descend ; it then
crosses the latter and leads high along the 1. side of the Averser Thai,
as the upper part of the valley is called, one of the loftiest inhabited
districts among the Alps. Picturesque views of the Piz Starlera, Piz Alv,
and Weissberg. The path now descends to (1 hr.) Campsut (5499'), and
by (iji hr.) Crot (to the r. a view of the green Madriser Thai) to (3\i hr.)
Cresta (6394') (Postablage, poor; quarters at the cure's), the principal vil¬
lage in the valley, which here expands and contains beautiful pastures.
Then a slight ascent (to the 1. the Piz Platta and Fopperhorn), past the
mouth of the (S.) Val Bregalga, to (l'|2 hr.) Juf (9685'), and then an ascent
across pastures (where inexperienced walkers will find a guide desirable)
to the culminating point of the Stallerberg, or Valletta Pass (8478'). Beau¬
tiful view of the mountains of the Upper Engadine, the Julier route, etc.
The narrow path then descends to the 1. on the slope of the Val Valletta
to (2 hrs.) Stalla (p. 322). — From Juf a path leads to the S.E. over the
Forcellina (8770') direct to the Septimer (p. 322).
From Caniciil to Pianazzo on the Splugen route (4 hrs., guide
necessary ; the son of the pastor at Caniciil recommended). The path ascends
through the forest in the Val Emet, skirting the precipice on the r., to the
chalets of the Emet Alp (6194'), whence the -stone man' on the summit of
the Passo di Madesimo (7480') is visible, though there still remains two good
hours' walk over the soft and uneven soil of the Alp before that point is
reached. Retrospective view of the Piz Beverin , and beyond this the Ca¬
landa; from tbe summit of the pass, which forms the frontier of Switzer¬
land and Italy, the Tambohorn (p. 361) is visible to the W., and the Cima
di Lago (9892') and Piz Gallegione (10,285') to the S.E. On the S.W. side
of the pass a patch of snow is crossed; then along the N. side of the
beautiful little Lago di Emet, down by the 1. bank of the Madesimo,
afterwards across meadows, through the village of the same name (4 hrs.
from Caniciil); then on the r. bank of the Madesimo, reaching the Spliigen
route '|2 M. below Pianazzo (p. 362).
The Spliigen route winds upwards, passes the inconsiderable
ruins of the Barenburg , and enters the *Ro ffna Rav ine,
bearing some resemblance to the Via Mala, a gorge 3 M. in
length, in which the Rhine forms a series of waterfalls. Near
the entrance the road crosses the Arerser-Rhein which here issues
from the Ferrera-Thal and forms a fine waterfall a little way
up the valley. (Route through the Ferrera Valley to Stalla, see
Towards the end of the gorge, the Einshorn (9649'), which
is covered with snow in the early summer, becomes visible. An
ancient bridge here crosses the Rhine ; farther on, a rocky gateway,
about 16 yds. in length (Sassa plana), is passed. The open Alpine
landscape of the Rheinwaldthal (Val Rhein) is now disclosed; to