to Splugen. ANDEER. 87. Route. 359
of the hamlet of Rongellen, which stands on an eminence to
the r. , the gorge expands into a small basin. The precipices,
however, soon approach each other again. The road crosses the
river three times at short intervals: 3/4 M. (from the post-stat.)
first bridge, built in 1738; 1/4 M. *Second Bridge, built in 1738,
where the scene is most imposing. The Rhine, 300' below the
road, winds through a ravine so narrow that the precipices above
almost meet. On 27th Aug., 1834, and on 28th Sept., 1868,
the river rose to within a few feet of the arch of the bridge.
At the (ii/4 M.) third bridge (2736') (erected after the in¬
undation of 1834) the Via Mala ends.
The road now enters the more open Valley of Schams (2838')
(Vallis Sexamniensis, 'valley of the six streams' descending
from the mountains on the r. and 1.; Ital. Sessame), the green
meadows and cheerful habitations of which look doubly attractive
to the traveller after the sombre passage of the Via Mala. In the
background to the S. are the peaks of the Hirli (9360'). Above
the old bridge, the Rhine forms a small waterfall. The first vil¬
lage in the valley of Schams (6 M. from Thusis) is Zillis, Rom.
Ziraun (3061') ( refreshments at the post-stat.), with the most an¬
cient church in the valley, of which the tower is the oldest part.
The + Piz Beverin (9843'), commanding a magnificent prospect, may¬
be ascended from Zillis or Andeer in 6—7 hrs. (guide necessary, 5 fr.). A
fatiguing excursion, but unattended with difficulty- or danger.; Bridle-path
as far as the Oberste Alp.
On the eminence to the r., on the 1. bank of the Rhine, above
the village of Donat, behind which rises the Piz Beverin, stands
the ruined castle of Fardiin, or La Turr (3819'), formerly the
residence of the governors of the valley. About the middle of the
15th cent., the brutal behaviour of one of these officials, like
that of Gessler 150 years previously, was the cause of the eman¬
cipation of this district from their oppressive sway. Entering the
cottage of a peasant to whom he entertained a dislike the tyrant
spat into the boiling broth prepared for the midday meal. (The
peasant, Johann Caldar, seized him by the throat, plunged his
head into the scalding liquid, exclaiming: 'Eat the soup thou
hast seasoned' ('Malgia sez il pult cha ti has condiit'), and strangled
him. This was the signal for a general rising.
Near the Baths of Pigneu which were destroyed by an in¬
undation in 1834, and afterwards by fire (the waters, containing
iron and alkali, are conducted to Andeer, and there used for
baths), a glacier-torrent descending from the Piz Curver (9760')
is crossed by a bridge, the last completed on this route, and
bearing the inscription on the E. parapet: 'Jam via patet
hostibus et amicis. Cavete Rhaeti! simplicitas morum et unio ser-
vabunt avitam libertatem'.
7'/2 M. Andeer (3212') (*Krone, or Hotel Fravi), the princi¬
pal village of the valley, with a Prot. Romansch pop. of 583. Near