8 Route 3.
972 M. Bienne, German Biel (Hotel du Jura; Croix, R. 2,
B. 1, L. i/2, A. 72, Omnibus 3/4 fr.; Couronne, Brewery Zum
Seefels), an" ancient town, free and independent from 1250 to
1798, is situated near the lake (1424 ft.) of the same name and
at the S. base of the Jura, the lower slopes of which are planted
with the vine. Pop. 8113 (891 Rom. Cath.). Colonel Schwab
readily admits visitors to his interesting Collection of Antiquities
(found in the ancient Swiss lake-villages). The new church is
To Neuchatel, see pp. 10, 11.
The Railway to Bern (see p. 4) crosses the Zihl (Thiele)
near stat. Brilgg, and the Aare near stat. Busswyl.
On the Aare, above stat. Lyss, lies Aarberg (p. 163) with an
ancient castle. Stations Suberg, Schiipfen, Munchen - Buchsee,
and Zollikofen, a station on the Swiss Central (Bdle-Herzogen-
buchsee-Bern) line. Thence to Bern, see p. 13.
3. From Bale to Geneva by Neuchatel.
162 M. Railway. To Geneva by express in 8, bv ordinary trains in
11 hrs.; fares 27 fr. 60 c, 19 fr. 65 c., 14 fr. 30 c. — The equally short
route by Bern and Lausanne (R. 39) is far preferable. — Steamboats on
the lakes of Neuchatel and Geneva see RR. 44, 48.
On leaving the station, a view is obtained to the 1. of the
vine-clad hills of Grenzach beyond the Rhine. The line crosses
the Birs (view of the valley) and skirts the picturesque and
wooded slopes of the Jura. Stat. Muttenz; beyond stat. Pratteln,
the ruins of the castle of Schauenburg are seen on a rocky eminence
to the r. On the Rhine, at some distance 1. of the line, lies Basel-
Augst (p. 1); beyond it rise the lofty mountains of the Black Forest.
Here the line leaves the valley of the Rhine, and enters that
of the Ergolz in the Jura. Beautiful points of view as far as
Olten. Nieder-Schbnthal is the stat. for Frenkendorf, a charming
village on a hill to the r., much frequented on account of its
salubrious air. As Liestal is approached, the large Cantonal
Hospital is seen to the 1.
Liestal (1033') (*Falke, Schlussel) on the Ergolz, with 3873
inhab. (495 Rom. Cath.), is the seat of the government of the
half-canton Bale-Campagne. In the council-hall is exhibited the
cup of Charles the Bold, found in his tent after the battle of
Nancy. Before reaching Sissach (1233') (Lowe), a small town of
some importance, the train passes (r.) the small castle of Eben-
rain and its park. F'ine view from the Sissacher Fluh (2303'),
3 M. to the E. of the town. (From Sissach to Aarau by the
Schafmatt see p. 15.)
After passing stat. Sommerau and Liiufelfingen (1850'), the
train enters the great tunnel of Hauenstein, 2961 yds. long, where
on May 28th, 1857, fifty-two workmen were buried by a fall of