2. Route. 7
convulsion which has forced the horizontal strata to assume their
present almost perpendicular position, resembling gigantic walls
on either side of the road. In the middle of this defile and at
the most interesting spot on the whole route, are situated the
glass-manufactories and forges of Roche.
From Miinster to the Weissenstein. At the mouth of the gorge,
near the *Pflug inn, a good road, bounded on the S. by the precipitous
Mt. Graitery, and on the N. by the wooded heights of Mont Raimeux, ascends
to the 1. to (2'|4 M.) Granfelden (Fr. Grandval, 1982') and P|4 M.) Cri-
mine (Kreuz), passing the clock-manufactory of M. Perret; following the
course of the Rausse, which here forms some picturesque cascades, it next
reaches (2'|4 M.) St. Joseph am Gansbrunnen (Post). This place lies at the
N. base of the Weissenstein, the summit of which (4213') can easily be
attained in 2 hrs; the road is good, the latter part through a forest. Car¬
riages may be had from Gansbrunnen (15 fr.) to the Weissenstein, as well
as to Miinster; from Miinster to the Weissenstein 20 to 25 fr. Diligence
between Miinster and Olten by Gansbrunnen daily in 61/* hrs.
73/4 M. Moutier, Ger. Miinster (1752') (Krone; Hirsch), a
thriving old handsome village, lies in a fertile dale. The road
now traverses a wild gorge beyond which is the village of Court
(2201') (Ours); then (l»/2 M.) Sorvilier and (3/4 M.) Bevilard.
Before Bevilard is reached, a rugged path diverges to (3 hrs.) Reuchenetle
(see above) over the Montoz (4371'). Guide desirable. View similar to
that from the Weissenstein.
The road next traverses pasture-land and reaches
7 M. Malleray (2316') (*Lion d'Or, R. and L. 2V2 ft., B.
Near Tavannes, Ger. Dachsfelden (2497') (*Krone), the road
again ascends, and in 10 min. leads to Pierre Pertuis (petra
pertusa) (2598'), a natural opening in the rock, 36 feet high,
and more than once fortified in time of war. It bears a restored
Roman inscription on the N. side, which cannot be earlier than
161 A. D. This gate, the highest point between Tavannes and
Sonceboz. marked the limit of the Helvetian province, and, at a
later date, that of the bishoprics of Avenches, Lausanne, and
Bale. The Birs rises at the foot of this mountain.
6'/4 M. Sonceboz (2152') (*Krone), a village in the valley
of Erguel or St. Imier. Diligence (daily in 4 hrs.) to La-Chaux-
de-Fonds, through this charming valley enlivened by signs of
industry (watch-manufactories) and numerous flocks.
The Bienne road follows the course of the Scheuss (Suze),
passing through the villages of La Hutte and Reuchenette (Forelle)
(1942'). It then turns to the S. and leads through a ravine of
the Suze (above, to the r., are the ruins of the chateau of Rond-
Chdtel) to the prettily situated Frinvilliers. From this point the
old road leads across the Bbzinger Hohe, which affords a beautiful
view of the extensive district watered by the Aare, Emme, and
the Zihl. The new road misses the above-mentioned prospect,
but amply compensates the traveller by the view it affords of the
valley, as well as by its interesting construction (tunnels and